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Family Planning Methods Original (1)

Family Planning Methods Original (1)

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Published by Jeenagg Narayan

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Published by: Jeenagg Narayan on Dec 26, 2010
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Family planning
Low female literacy levels and the lack of widespread availability of birth-controlmethods is hampering the use of contraception in India. Awareness of contraception is near-universal among married women in India. However, the vast majority of married Indiansreported significant problems in accessing a choice of contraceptive methods. Family planning in India is based on efforts largely sponsored by the Indian government. In the1965-2009 period, contraceptive usage has more than tripled (from 13% of married women in1970 to 48% in 2009) and the fertility rate has more than halved (from 5.7 in 1966 to 2.7 in2009), but the national fertility rate is still high enough to cause long-term population growth.In 2009, 48.3% of married women were estimated to use a contraceptive method, i.e.more than half of all married women did not. About three-fourths of these were using femalesterilization, which is by far the most prevalent birth-control method in India. Condoms, at amere 3% were the next most prevalent method. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare isthe government unit responsible for formulating and executing family planning relatedgovernment plans in India. An inverted Red Triangle is the symbol for family planning healthand contraception services in India.
Family planning is defined as ³a way of thinking & living that is adopted voluntarily,upon the basis of knowledge , attitudes & responsible decisions by individuals & couples, inorder to promote health & welfare of the family group & thus contribute effectively to thesocial development of the country´. (WHO 1971)
Objectives of family planning
Family planning practices helps :
To avoid unwanted births
To bring about wanted births
To regulate the intervals between the pregnancies
To control the time at which birth occur in relation to ages of the parents
To determine the number of children in the family
ontraceptive methods
Contraceptive methods are by definition , the preventive methods to help womenavoid unwanted pregnancies. They include all temporary & permanent measures to prevent pregnancies resulting from coitus.It is generally recognized that there can never be an ideal contraceptive ± ie,contraceptive that is safe , effective , acceptable, inexpensive, reversible simple to administer,independent of coitus , long lasting enough to obviate frequent administration & requiringlittle or no supervision.
WHO Medical Eligibility
riteria for Starting
ontraceptive Methods
WHO Categories for Temporary MethodsThe scientific meetings classified known medical conditions that might affecteligibility for the use of a contraceptive method into one of the four following categories::WHO1Can use the method. No restriction on use.WHO2Can use the method. Advantages generally outweigh theoretical or proven risks.Category 2 conditions could be considered in choosing a method. If the clientchooses the method, more than usual follow-up may be needed.WHO3Should not use the method unless a doctor or nurse makes a clinical judgement thatthe client can safely use it. Theoretical or proven risks usually outweigh theadvantages of the method. Method of last choice, for which regular monitoring will be needed.WHO4Should not use the method. Condition represents an unacceptable health risk if method is used.
Methods of family planning
Spacing method
Barrier methods
 Physical methodsb)
Chemical methods
Combined methods
Intrauterine devicesC.
Hormonal methodsD.
Contraceptive patchE.
Post conceptional methodsF.
Terminal methods
Male sterilizationB.
Female sterilization
arrier methods
Physical methods
Condom is the most widely known & used barrier device by the males around theworld in India . It is better known by its trade name NIRODH, a Sanskrit word meaning prevention. Condom is receiving new attention today as an effective, simple, spacingmethods of contraception without side effects .In addition, to preventing pregnancy, condom protects both men & women from sexually transmitted diseases.The condom is fitted on the erect penis before intercourse. The air must be expelledend to make room for the ejaculate. The condom must be held carefully when withdrawing itfrom the vagina to avoid spilling seminal fluid into the vagina after intercourse. A newcondom should be used for each sexual act.Condom prevents the semen from being deposited in vagina. The effectiveness of acondom may be increased by using it in conjunction with a spermicidal jelly inserted intothe vagina before intercourse. The spermicide serves as additional protection in the unlikelyevent that the condom should slip off or tear. , but it does not increase your protection

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