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6 Past Verb Has Only 3 Forms

6 Past Verb Has Only 3 Forms

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My notes in Sarf Class conducted by Ustaadh Fahad
My notes in Sarf Class conducted by Ustaadh Fahad

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Published by: UmmuYusuf Iman Grajo al-Filibiniyyah on Dec 26, 2010
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08/26/2012

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My notes in Sarf – Bintu Jose as-Salafiyyah # 6
V
ﻲﺿﺎﻣ ﹲﻞﻌﻓ
The Past Verb
This type of verb has only three (3) forms:
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
ﹶﻞﺧﺩ
 
ﻠﻋ
 
ﻡﺮﹶﻛ
 
ﻊﻤﺳ ﻦﺴﺣ ﺢﺘﹶﻓ
Observethat onlythe
ا
changes its
 ر
 
Question
: How many
ﺕﺎﻛﺮﺣ
can we put on the
 
ﻑ
?
Answer
: Three (3).
(ﺔﻤﺿ, ﺓﺮﺴﹶﻛ , ﺔﺤﺘﹶﻓ)
 
Question
: How many “logical” forms can
َلَ َ 
accept?Answer: Twelve (12).
 
 
Benefit:
A word cannotstart with asukoon nor endwith a vowel
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
 ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ ﹶﻞﻌﻓﹶﻞﻌﻓ ﹶﻞﻌﻓ ﹶﻞﻌﻓ ﹶﻌﹸﻓ ﹶﻌﹸﻓ ﹶﻌﹸﻓ ﹶﻌﹸﻓ
Benefit:
 ل
in a3-letter-formALWAYS endswith a fat7ah
 
3 X 4 = 12
Benefit:
To start a word withkasrah or a dhummahis heavy on thetongue as statedbelow.
Principle
:
The 3rabs seek
lightness in speech
.
Due to this principle, the forms using kasrah and dhummahwere omitted, leaving just 4 valid forms. However, the form
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
seems to be problematic also, as we’ll find out next, in shaaAllaah.

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