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Artistic Anatomy and the Figure in Motion

Artistic Anatomy and the Figure in Motion

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Published by Kevin Denon Steele

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Kevin Denon Steele on Dec 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/12/2014

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FamousArtists,Course
FamousArtistsSchools,lnc.,Westport,Connecticut
Artisticanato'my
and
the
humanfigure
in
mefien
lessonAlbertDomeFredLudekensNormanRockwellAIParkerBenStahlStevanDohanosJonWhitcombRobertFawcettPeterHeick
GeorgeGiusti
AustinBriggs
HaroldVonSchmidt
COPYRIGHT
©
1960,FAMOUSARTISTSSCHOOLSIncPrintedinU.S.A.,.
 
2.
ALPARKER
©
TheCurtisPublishingCo.
.
.....__.,
 
3
Anatomyandfiguredrawing
Thehumanfigureisnature'smostmarvelousaccomplishment.
It
hasasimplicitythatcanbeappreciatedbyeveryone,yetitsmechanismissomysteriousthatwithoutaknowledgeofanat-omyit
is
hardtounderstandandharder
still
to
draw.
Thisisthereason
thai
we,asartists.muststudyandlearntheartisticanatomyofthefigure-theknowledgewegainwillhelpustomakeconvincingdrawingsorpaintingsofthehumanformineveryposition,ineveryactionorattitude.Inthislessonwewi
II
trainyouinonlytheessentialsoffigureconstructionandanatomy.Theartstudentisnotthestudentofmedicine-itisneithernecessarynordesirableforhimtolearnthecompletedetailsofthe[unctionsandactionsofeveryindi-vidualmuscle,tendonandboneinthebody.However,wewillcoverallthefundamentalrequirementsinfigureconstructionwhichareimportanttoyourtraining.Wewillleaveoutthenonessentials.Bonesandmuscleshaveadistinctbearingontheoutwardappearanceofthebodyandontheactionsthebodycanper-form.So.inthislesson,wearegoingtoshowyouhowtheboneandmusclestructureworksandwhatitlookslikeinactionaswellasrepose.Asyoustudyanddraw,remembertostartwiththebasicfigure.Usetheboneandmusclestructuretorefineandmodifythesimplebasicfigureforms-tomakethemmorelife-like.Neverlosesightofthefactthatyourstudyofanatomyisa.studyofthree-dimensionalforms.Thesebonesandmusclesarenotnatbandsorlinesbeneaththeskin-theyaresolidformsthatprotrudefromthebasicfigure(likethebonykneecaporthebicepswhenyouHexyourmuscle)orcutbackintoit(likethesocketinwhichyoureyeisset).Fromexperienceweknowthatbeginningstudentsofanatomyhaveatendencytolosesightofthebasicformofthefigurewhen.theystarttostudyanatomy.Youcanavoidthiserror
if
youwilllookbackthroughLesson4andahead
to
pages24and25ofthislesson
to
observethatthebasicfigureneedsverylittleadditionorrefinementofformtoturnitintoarealhumanbeing.Donotmakethemistakeofthinkingthatthemorebonesandmusclesyouputin,themorerealyourdrawingwillappear.Instead,spendyourtimeinacarefulstudyofeachstageofyourdrawing.Asyouwork,askyourself:"HaveImadethesefigureformstoosimple-ismydrawingnothingbutanotherbasicfig-ure-orhaveIputintoomuchdetailanddestroyedalltheform,endinglipwithamedicalchartinsteadofafiguredraw-ing?"Theideal,ofcourse,liesbetweentheseextremes.OneofthebestwaystojudgehowwellyouareusingyourknowledgeofartisticanatomyistostudytheexamplesoffiguredrawingsandpaintingsbymembersofyOllrFacultyandcomparethemwithyourown.'WhenYOllstudythefigureinaction,youwillobservethatanamazingvarietyofactionisdisclosedineverymovement,yetthesemovementsdonotintheleastalterthebasicconstructionofthefigure.Manyofthevariationsofsmallformsandstruc-turaldetailswhicharesignificantintheirplacesarelostinthelargerandbasicformofsomestrongeraction.Alwaysrememberthisimportan
t
fact,for
with
thisbroadpointofviewyouwillavoidmanyproblemsindrawingthefigure.Again,we
wish
topointoutthatyouareastudentof
art,
andnotofmedicine.Memorizingthenamesofthebonesandmus-clesisnotanimportantpartofyourstudyofanatomy.Insomecasesacertainamountofthisisunavoidable,butmostofyourtimeandinterestshouldbedevotedtostudyinganddrawingtheformsandactionsofthebonesandmusclesastheyaffecttheoutwardappearanceofthefigure.Youwillfindthatyoucandrawclothingmuchmoreconvinc-inglyifyouknowtheformbeneathit,andhowitchangeswithdifferentactions.Manytimesyouhaveseenadrawingofthefigure
in
whichtheclothingordraperyhasbeenbeautifullyhandled-butitseemstohaveno
connectionwith
thefigureitissupposedtoclothe.Thereason[orthisisthattheartistdidnothaveenoughknowledgeofthefigureitselfbeforehedrewthedrapery,sothathecouldnotmakeyou
"Ieel"
thefigureunderneath.Theformsanddirectionswhichdraperytakesarealmostalwaysentirelydependentuponthestructureandactionofthefigureunderneath.Sincemostofthefiguresyouwilldrawwillbeclothed,thisisanotherreasonforstudyingsimpleanat-omy.Youcannotdisregardthegreatimportanceofanatomyinfiguredrawinganymorethanyoucanbuildahouseanddis-regarditsfoundationandthebasicconstructioninitwhichholdsthehousetogether-fromtheinside.Anatomy
is
funda-mentalinfiguredrawing.Itwillhelpyoutoknowthefigureandinterpretit.bothfromlifeandphotographs.Asyouim-proveyourknowledgeofanatomyyouwillbeabletodrawbet-terfrommemory,too.Youwillnotbelimitedtoshowingthefigureinjustafewattitudes,butwillbeabletodrawitskill-fullyandconfidentlyinanyactionyouwishtoportray.
©
TheCurtisPub!ishingCo.Thefiguresinthepointingabovearebasedonasoundknowledgeofanatomy-asisproved
by
thedrawingofthesamefiguresinthenude.Onlywhenweknowcrflsficanatomycanwedrawthefigureineveryposeandrnckoitlookconvincing-clothedornot.

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