Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
41Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Defects in Hot Rolled Products1

Defects in Hot Rolled Products1

Ratings: (0)|Views: 15,520|Likes:
Published by karunadkumari

More info:

Published by: karunadkumari on Dec 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/03/2013

pdf

text

original

 
1. Defects in Hot Rolled Products
Rolled in Scale (RIS)
Sliver / Seams
Blister 
Edge Cracks
Spongy Edge
Rolled in Extraneous Material
Roll Marks
Indentation Mark
Scratch Mark
Folds
Lamination
Camber 
Flatness
Ovality
BCL
TCC
Zig Zag Wrapping
Bulging
1
 
2. Rolled in Scale (RIS)
Different types of RIS
Primary Scales due to Poor Descaling
Primary Scales due to High Temperature
Secondary Scales due to Poor Descaling
Secondary Scales (Drag / Comet type) from Coil Box.
Tertiary Scales due to Roll Roughness ( Salt & Pepper /Banded type).
Silicon / Red Scales (Tiger Scale)
Steps to control RIS
Cleaning off loose scales from slab surface
Avoiding overheating of slab surface
Drop out temp.
Edging
Descaling impression test
Use of scale master nozzle & use of optimum height betweenthe strip and the nozzle tip.
Coil box by-pass
Oxidizing atmosphere
Descaling pressure
Roll cooling and roll bite lubrication
Proper scheduling of surface critical grades.
Damage of surface from apron plate.
Use of interstand descaler 
2
 
Primary Scales due to Poor Descaling
Scale (Iron Oxides) generated at various Hot rolling Stages get rolledinto the Strip Surface due to different reasons.
Prone Grades
: Any grade
Location
: Scattered
Appearance
: Black-GreyOrigin / Root Cause
Improper descaling / failure of Primary descaler.
Nozzle clogging of Primary descaler.
Sticky Scale (low O2, High Temperature & High RetentionTime).Remedy / Process Control
Maintain high Descaler Pressure ( >180 Bar).
Take Impression / Correction of Nozzle Impression.
Maintain Oxidizing atmosphere (>2%), low temperature(1200°C) & low retention time 2 ½ to 3 hrs.). 
Primary Scales due to High TemperatureProne grades
: Grades processed with high RMET-IFHS
Location
: Scattered, in portions where high temp wasexperienced by slab
3

Activity (41)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Mohieddin Hadidi liked this
bzkrtmstf liked this
akulks1981 liked this
sahzaidi544 liked this
sahzaidi544 liked this
Arunava Dutta Gupta added this note
Too good. Suggest for inclusion of more pictures for each type of defects.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->