Egypt, 2406 (1354 BCE.)
Eretz Yisrael, 2516 (1244 BCE.)Yehoshua married Rachav, who gave shelter to the two spies (Yehoshua 1). In
(hakdama 36) the Ari, Rabbi Yitzchak Luria, says that Rachav was a very holy soul.
Three were crowned with the titles of "age" and "days," and all three were heads of distinguished houses,.Avrohom was the head of the Patriarchs, Yehoshua the head of the Kingship of the Tribe of Ephraim,and Dovid the head of the Kingship of the Tribe of Yehudah (
59:6).The face of Moshe (Moses) was like the sun, the face of Yehoshua like the moon (
75a). WhenHaShem told Moshe whom to choose as the next leader, he said to him, "Take yourself Yehoshua son of Nun (Numbers 28:18) who is a hero like yourself" (Sifri Vayeilech 305). Yehoshua did not call himself aservant of G-d, but the Holy One, Blessed is He, called him that (
Va'eschanan 27).The poor man uses entreaties (Proverbs 18:23) refers to Moshe who did not enter the Holy Land. But therich man answers impudently (ibid.) refers to Yehoshua who entered and said, "Would that we had been content and dwelt beyond the Jordan (Yehoshua 7:7), and not entered the Land of Israel!" He saidthis when thirty-six Jews fell in the battle of Ai (
44a).When Yehoshua left the camp of Israel to wait at the bottom of Mount Sinai for the return of Moshe,manna fell for Yehoshua just as it fell for the whole community of Israel (
76a). Manna fell on hislimbs, and he would take it and eat it (
4:3).Yehoshua led Israel for twenty-eight years (
Seder Olam Rabbah
12). Yehoshua was five cubits tall. On hishead sat a royal crown inscribed with G-d's Name (Otzar HaMidrashim 210). He engaged in Torahstudy from childhood to old age (Tanna d'Bei Eliyahu Zuta 13). Yehoshua was elevated only becausehe occupied himself with Torah study continuously (Mishnas Rabbi Eliezer13).Yehoshua sat and expounded, and everyone knew that he was expounding the teachings of Moshe(Yerushalmi Shekalim 2:5). Even in matters that he had not heard from Moshe, his own reasoningcorresponded with what had been told to Moshe at Sinai (Yerushalmi Pe'ah 1:1). Seeing how preciousthe words of Torah were to Yehoshua, the Holy One, Blessed is He, said to him, 'This Book of theTorah will not leave your mouth" (Yehoshua 1:8) (Menachot 99b). He made himself like a fool beforeour teacher Moshe, whom he troubled to teach him Torah every minute until he had learned the entireTorah (
, end of Devarim).Yehoshua wrote his book (i.e., the Book of Yehoshua) and the last eight verses of the Torah, Pinchas theKohen Gadol completed the Book of Yehoshua (Bava Batra 14b).Yehoshua was fluent in the book of Deuteronomy (Devarim), which he studied constantly. When the HolyOne, Blessed is He, appeared to him, He found him sitting with the book of Deuteronomy in his handand said to him, "Strengthen yourself, Yehoshua, persevere, Yehoshua. This book of the Torah will notleave your mouth" (Yehoshua 1:8).Yehoshua took the Book of Deuteronomy, displayed it to the sun, and said, "Because I have never ceasedstudying this book, you should cease your movement at my request" (
6:9).If someone asks, "Why did Yehoshua build an altar on Mount Eval? Was there no Tabernacle?" answer him that the Holy One, Blessed is He, said, "It is I who told him to do so" (
14:1).When our teacher Moshe was about to depart for Paradise, he said to Yehoshua, "Ask me all the questionsthat you have." "My teacher," replied Yehoshua, "did I ever leave you for a short time and goelsewhere? Did you not write of me, He does not leave the tent (Exodus 33:11)?" ImmediatelyYehoshua's intellectual powers were weakened so that he forgot 300 laws and had 700 uncertainties.All the Israelites rose to kill him. The Holy One, Blessed is He, said to him, "To tell you what you donot know is impossible. Go and distract them with war to capture the Land of Canaan" (Temurah 16a).Three thousand laws were forgotten in the period of mourning for Moshe. The people said to Yehoshua,"Ask G-d." He replied, "It is not in the heavens" (ibid.). That night Yehoshua went into the valley(Yehoshua 8:13). He went into the depth of Halachah (Eiruvin 63b).