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Table Of Contents

General Bibliography
Assumed Background
Introduction
1 Radiation (Light) is a Wave
1.1 Wave equation
1.2 Energy of the EM wave
2 Difficulties of the Wave Theory of Radia-
2.1 Discovery of the electron
2.2 Discovery of X-rays
2.3 Photoelectric effect
2.5 Discrete atomic spectra
3 Black-Body Radiation
3.1 Number of radiation modes
3.2 Equipartition theorem
4 Planck’s Quantum Hypothesis
4.1 Boltzmann distribution function
4.2 Planck’s formula for I(λ)
4.3 Photoelectric effect
4.4 Compton scattering
5 The Bohr Model
5.1 The hydrogen atom
5.2 X-rays characteristic spectra
5.3 Difficulties of the Bohr model
6 Duality of Light and Matter
6.1 Matter waves
6.2 Matter wave interpretation of the Bohr’s model
6.3 Wave function
6.4 Physical meaning of the wave function
6.5 Phase and group velocities
6.6 The Heisenberg uncertainty principle
6.8 Wave packets
7 Schr¨odinger Equation
7.1 Schr¨odinger equation of a free particle
7.3 Schr¨odinger equation of a particle in an external
7.4 Equation of continuity
1. Infinite potential quantum well
8.1 Infinite potential quantum well
8.2 Finite square-well potential
8.3 Quantum tunneling
Quantum Wires and Quantum Dots
Schr¨odinger equation
9.2 Quantum wire and quantum dot
10 Linear Operators and Their Algebra
10.1 Algebra of operators
10.2 Hermitian operators
10.2.1 Properties of Hermitian operators
10.2.2 Examples of Hermitian operators
10.3 Scalar product and orthogonality of two eigen-
10.4 Expectation value of an operator
10.5 The Heisenberg uncertainty principle revisited
11 Dirac Notation
11.1 Projection operator
11.2 Representations of linear operators
12 Matrix Representation of Linear Opera-
12.1 Matrix representation of operators
12.2 Matrix representation of eigenvalue equations
14 Quantum Harmonic Oscillator
14.1 Algebraic operator technique
14.2 Special functions method
15 Angular Momentum and Hydrogen Atom
15.1 Angular part of the wave function: Angular mo-
15.2 Radial part of the wave function
16 Systems of Identical Particles
16.1 Symmetrical and antisymmetrical functions
16.2 Pauli principle
Final Remark
Appendix B: Useful mathematical formulae
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