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The Story of the Bagpipe - William H. Gratton Flood

The Story of the Bagpipe - William H. Gratton Flood

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Published by Geoff Jones

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Published by: Geoff Jones on Dec 28, 2010
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LORD CASTLETOWN OF UPPER OSSORY, K.P.,(the macgilla padraig),the descendant of thekings of ossory,a votary and patron of hush pipe music,as a small tribute of esteem.Preface.To most persons the bagpipe is associated with the strident skirl of an instrument inseparably bound upwith memories of " bonnie Scotland." But when it is remembered that the genesis of the pipes goes back tothe remotest antiquity, and that the instrument can rightly be claimed as the precursor of the organ, theraison d'etre of a work like the present stands in need of no apology. Yet, strange to say (as was also thecase of The Story of the Harp), no handy volume has hitherto been accessible dealing with the history of the bagpipe, though, of course, various phases of the instrument have from time to time been treated byforeign and British authors.Mr. J. F. Rowbotham would have us believe that the drmn is the oldest of all instruments; but I see noreason in life why the pipe cannot claim a similar antiquity. The primitive form of reed blown by the mouthmust date back to a very early period in the world's history, and Mr. St. Chad Boscawen assures us tnatthere are Chaldean sculptures of about B.C. 4000 with a representation of the pipes. Egypt and Persiagave the lead to Greece and Rome, and, as a matter of fact, beating reeds have been discovered within thepipes found in Egyptian mummy cases. The PandeanStory of the Bagpipepipe was merely a development of the simple reed-pipe, and it is now ascertained that the ancientEgyptians employed the bagpipe drone.Coming down to modern times, the bagpipe was the fashionable instrument at the French court under Louis XIV. It will probably surprise some Philistines of our day (who scoff at the bagpipe) to hear that thetitled dames of France at the close of the seventeenth century proudly carried round their pipes in white silkcases with pale pink ribbons, and played on the musette. And surely those who have read the histories of the Highland regiments will admit that the martial ardour inspired by the piob mor contributed not a little to the many victories on record. The Highland pipes were inevidence at Assaye, Ciudad Rodrigo, Vittoria, Vimiera, Quatre - Bras, Waterloo, and other engagements.Similarly, the Irish pipes were effectively heard at Fontenoy.In the following pages I have endeavoured to tell the story of the bagpipe, and to weave the known facts of its history into a connected narrative.For much kind help in preparing this volume I must express my indebtedness to Lord Castletown, Mr. W. J.Lawrence, the Rt. Hon. Dr. M. F. Cox, the late Dr. Watson, Mr. Henry Egan Kenny, Mr. Bruge Armstrong,Mr. F. J. Bigger, and Mr. J. J. Buckley.WM. H. GRATTAN FLOOD.E.NNISCORTHY,October^ igii.Contents.CHAPTER I.ORIGIN OF THE BAGPIPE.PAGE
 
The Book of Genesis — Nebuchadnezzar's band — Chaldean sculptures—The Pandean pipe—Thesimple reed—Origin of the flute—The pipe with the bag—Primitive organ at Aries— The hydraulus or water organ—Various names for the bagpipe . . ICHAPTER n.BAGPIPES OF ANTIQUITY. Ancient Egypt—The Arghool—Artificial reeds—Persian bagpipes —Sculptures in Assyria and Nineveh—Terra-cotta representations at Tarsus—Bruce's discovery of a reed-pipe at Thebes—Chinese traditions—The bagpipes of Northern and Southern India—The chorus—Biblical references—Clement of Alexandria—St. Jerome on the bagpipe—First Christmas legend ... . 7CHAPTER HI.GREEK AND ROMAN BAGPIPES. Ancient Greece—Dion Chrysostomos—Martial describes the askaalos —Virgil's reference to it—Nero'svow to be a bagpiper—^Contorniate representations — Greek sculpture in Rome—Sculptured bronze atRichborough—Aulus Gellius— Aristides Quintilianus—Procopius's testimony—The Capis-trum - ... . - - 14Story of the BagpipeCHAPTER IV. ANCIENT IRISH BAGPIPES.PAGEPre-Christian Ireland—The Brehon Laws —A Saga of the seventh century—The iiiuie or ceiharcoire —Gerbert's illustration— The bagpipe in church—Keeners with pipers in the tenth century—The Dord Fiansa—Cuan O'Lochain—Pedal point —Giraldus Cambrensis—Geoffrey the piper—William the piper—Irishpipers in Gascony and Flanders—The Irish war-pipes at Calais—Battle of Falkirk—The/zoi iiior at Crecy—Statute of Kilkenny—Pipers admitted to the Dublin franchise igCHAPTER V. ANCIENT WELSH PIPES.Irish colonists in Wales—Testimony of Kuno Meyer—Iri-h origin of the Eisteddfod—Bardic systemborrowed from Ireland— Howell the Good—Battle of Carno—Eisteddfod at Caerwys —Prince Howell thepoet—Brompton, Abbot of Jervaulx —Gerald Barry—Morris's Welsh collection 28CHAPTER VI.EARLY ENGLISH BAGPIPES.Cells in England—Roman remains—Anglo-Saxon pipes — The Anglo-Normans—Lilt pipes and cornpipes—The pipe in church—Minstrels' Gallery at Exeter—Ralph the piper— Janino Chevretler—Strutt'sillustration of early English bagpipes—The King's Band of Music in 1327—Barbor and Morlan—Chaucer'sMiller—Richard II. patronizes pipers— William of Wykeham—Morris dances—May games—JphnGate - -J-ContentsCHAPTER VII.THE BAGPIPE IN SCOTLAND.PAGEScotland gets the bagpipes from Ireland—Fergus MacErc-Giraldus Cambrensis—Battle of Bannockburn—David II. employs bagpipers—Oldest dated bagpipe—Battle of Harlaw —James I. patronizes the bagpipe—Battle of Inverlochy— Angelic piper in Rosslyn Chapel—Sculpture in Melrose Abbey—The hogbagpiper—The bagpipe in religious processions—Edinburgh Corporation Band—The complaint of Scotland—James IV. and the bagpipes 42
 
CHAPTER VIII. ANCIENT SCOTCH PIPE-MELODIES.Extravagant claims—"Scots Vfha hae "—" The Battle of Harlaw " —"The Battle of Flodden Field"—"TheFlowers of the Forest"—"The Souters of Selkirk"—"The Bonny Earl of Moray"—"John Anderson myJo"—"The Cockelbie Sow" "Macintosh's Lament"—"The McRae's March"—"Adew Dundee"—"Ginkertowne "—Scotch tunes printed at Paris in 1554— Branle d'Escosse 52CHAPTER IX.THE SCOTCH BAGPIPE IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURV.Pipers at the Scottish Court—George Buchanan—John Hastie— Scotch war-pipes in 1549—The bagpipein a religious procession—St. Andrew's pipers—The pipers of Stirling— James VI. and the bagpipes—Battle of Balrinnes—Highland pipes—Lindsay of Pittscottie—Highland warfare—Burgh pipers—Clanpipers • - - - 62Story of the BagpipeCHAPTER X.CONTINENTAL BAGPIPES.PAGETown pipers of Vienna—Legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin— Guild of Minstrels—Pipers in Paris—Pipers in Spain— Boccaccio's reference to the bagpipes—Calabrian pipers— Virdung describes thebagpipe—Schalmey and Sackpfiefe— Denis Roce — Albrecht Diicer — Luscinius's AJiistirgia — Manin Agricola—Statue of piper at Muremberg—Bajjpipe in church—Bulgarian and Servian bagpipes—TheVolynka —Hungarian pipes—Olaus Magnus—Dance of Death 69CHAPTER XI.THE ENGLISH BAGPIPE UNDER THE TUDORS."Inglis pyparis" at the Scottish Court—Pudsey the piper— Elizabeth of York—Henry VHI. a patron of thepipes— Richard Woodward—May games—Morris dances—Queen Elizabeth's Bjnd of Music^Drayton'sPolyolb:on —Lincolnshire pipers—Shakespeare's bagpipe allusions—"Worcester and Lancashire pipers—Nottingham pipers—The Coventry Mysteries - . .CHAPTER XII.IRISH PIPES IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.Durer's Irish piper—The siege of Boulogne—The piob mor — Stanihurst's description—Father WilliamGood, S.J.—State pardons to pipers—Camden's account—Vincenzo Galilei— Derrick's Imas^e of Ireland—Shakespeare's "woollen " pipes — battle of the Yellow Ford—Dermot MacGrath—Battle of the Curlews— Kinnce fada —The sword dance—Fynes MorisonContentsCHAPTER XIII.ENGLISH BAGPIPES UNDER THE STUARTS.PAGEBen Jonson—King James's proclamation—Morris Dances— Britannia's Pastorals— London mmstrels— An English bagpiper of 1637—The King's Band of Music—Hewitt the piper—Lancashire bagpipers—Yorkshire pipers—Playford's Dancing AJaster —The Kestoration epoch—Butler's Hudibras — ThomasOynion — Northumberland pipers— The Royal Voyage —Gradual disappearance of English pipers—Hogarth's " Southwark Fair " ... .99CHAPTER XIV.

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