Poverty, Development and Wellbeing: Dimensions of Social Change
Poverty is often seen as having low income and inability to access standardized services for living.However, poverty measures have failed to measure the deprivations which are more detrimental inachieving the human well being.
Accordingly, development goal is intended to achieve the benefit that arematerially sufficient and disregards the resources which are intrinsically important. Individual’s intrinsiccapabilities are often undermined that function for their overall well being. The challenges are then toincrease the individual’s capabilities with adequate freedom and choices for the responsible well being. ______________________________________________________________________________________
: poverty, wellbeing, development, capabilities, and social change
Development as defined by Sen (1999a) is removal of various unfreedom: “
poverty aswell as tyranny, poor economic opportunities as well as systematic social deprivation, neglect of public facilities as well as intolerance or overactivity of repressive states
”. Despite the unlimitedgrowth of world’s wealth, it denies the elementary freedoms of massive poor who are themajority (Black, 1999; Simon, 1999; Morse, 2004). Lack of substantive freedoms sometimesrelate to economic poverty that can rob people’s freedoms to have basic living conditions (e.g.food to satisfy hunger and to have sufficient nutrition, to obtain remedies to treat basic illnessetc). On the other aspect, lack of social services such as education, organized health services, andother institutions to maintain the growth of civil society also restricts their social freedom(Morse, 2004; Sen, 1985: Sen, 1999a).Development constitutes a process of enlarging people’s choices; of enhancing participatory democratic processes for making decisions; of providing human beings with theopportunity to develop their fullest potential’ and of enabling the marginalized people to1