there was a gradual decline of this region and subsequent centuries were witness torepeated onslaughts by aboriginals that reduced the power of the kingdom and led to itsfragmentation. It was a time when no single power could hold sway in Assam.When the Ahoms entered Assam crossing the eastern hills in 1228, they chanced upona period in its history when it was at its most susceptible. Among the local tribes, theChutias and the Kacharis could offer only a semblance of resistance. The entry of Ahoms in Assam started a new beginning, and many scholars opine that the state wasnamed after this dynasty that ruled it for six centuries. With the advent of the Ahoms,the center of power shifted from Kamrup in Lower Assam to Sibsagar in Upper Assam.The importance of Lower Assam declined sharply, except for a short period in the early16th century when the Koch dynasty extended their western limits considerably under their illustrious king Naranarayana.The Mughal Empire was at its zenith during this time and they took it as a challenge tocrush the Ahoms. They attacked the state 17 times. The last of the wars was foughtnear the present-day Saraighat Bridge over the river Brahmaputra in Guwahati. In thiswar, the Ahoms gave the Mughals a crushing defeat under the leadership of the ablegeneral Lachit Barphukan. Lachit Barphukan achieved immortality for his heroism andmany anecdotes are now an integral part of the folklores of Assam.The next centuries spelled troubles for this kingdom and save for a brief interventionduring the reign of king Rudrasingha, the state went on a gradual decline in the 18thcentury. This was the time when the Burmese attacked this state and annexed theminto their empire. However, they could not hold sway on the region for long and in 1826,the British forced them to cede Assam by the Treaty of Yandaboo.With the rest of India, Assam also played an important role in the war of independence.It was declared a state under the Union of India after it achieved independence in 1947.At that time, except Manipur and Tripura, the whole of the Northeast region was calledAssam. However, due to strong regional distinctions, all of them have to be carved outas separate states, starting with Nagaland in 1963 and ending with Arunachal Pradeshin 1972.
Government of Assam
Tarun Kumar Gogoi is the Chief Minister of the state of Assam in India. He is member of Indian National Congress.
Districts of Assam
Assam is divided into 23 districts: Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Cachar, Darrang, Dhemaji,Dhubri, Dibrugarh, Goalpara, Golaghat, Hailakandi, Jorhat, Kamrup, Karbi Anglong,Karimganj, Kokrajhar, Lakhimpur, Marigaon, Nagaon, Nalbari, North Cachar Hills,Sibsagar, Sonitpur, and Tinsukia.