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Chandigarh Information

Chandigarh Information

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Published by: CHAITANYA SIVA on Dec 29, 2010
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Chandigarh InformationIntroduction to Chandigarh
Chandigarh is the first planned modern city of India designed by the French architect LeCorbusier. Chandigarh is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states - Punjaband Haryana. However, the city does not belong to either state. Rather, the city isadministered by the federal government and hence classified as a union territory.Chandigarh and the area surrounding it were constituted as a union territory on 1stNovember, 1966. The city was named after the mother goddess of power, Chandi,whose temple Chandimandu is a feature of the new city. Le-Corbusier was assisted byhis cousin, Pieree Jeanneret and the English couple E. Mazwell Fry and Jane B. Druel.These three architects are responsible for most of the public and residential buildingraised in Chandigarh between 1950 and 1965. The beautiful city also known as ‘city of roses’.
Geography of Chandigarh
Chandigarh is bounded on the north and west by Punjab and east and south byHaryana. Total area of the union territory is 114 Sq. Km. It is located in Latitude 76.420to 76.510 North Longitude 30.400 to 30. 460 East.
Brief History of Chandigarh
Chandigarh was commissioned by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of independent India, to reflect the new nation’s modern, progressive outlook. The new citywas needed not only to serve as a capital but also to resettle thousands of refugeeswho had been uprooted from West Punjab. India's first Prime Minister, JawaharlalNehru enthusiastically supported the project and look sustained interest in its execution.Chandigrah is a city symbolic of the freedom of India and an expression of the nation'sfaith in the future.Several buildings in Chandigarh were designed by the French architect and planner, LeCorbusier in the 1950s. Le Corbusier was in fact the second architect of the city, after the initial master plan was prepared by the American architect-planner Albert Mayer who was working with the Polish-born architect Matthew Nowicki. It was only after Nowicki’s untimely death in 1950 that Le Corbusier was pulled into the project.
Government of Chandigarh
Chandigarh is an Union Territory. It means that the City is under the directadministration of the Government of India .
Economy of Chandigarh
Earlier, Chandigarh did not include an industrial area, it was later realised that industrieswould boost the economy of the city and help it grow. Today, there are some 580factories in the city, including 15 large or medium scale units and 2100 small-scaleunits.The major industries are food products, metal products, machine tools, electrical goods,transport equipment, pharmaceuticals, leather goods and plastic goods. Many of thesmall-scale units are ancillary units supplying the large industries around Chandigarh.The city has set up a new information technology park for the establishment of moderninformation technology based companies.
Travel Information of Chandigarh
Chandigarh has convenient location, it serves as sort of a gateway to the hill stations of Himachal Pradesh.People travel to Chandigarh to approach northwards to places like Shimla, Kullu,Manali, Dharamsala and Dalhousie. However, Chandigarh, the city itself is also a lure tothe tourists by virtue of its geometrically shaped residential areas complimented bylandscaped gardens, tree lined avenues - all converging to an outstanding balance inblending of modern and traditional architecture in the city. Apart from that the beautifulSukhna Lake, the exquisite rose garden - Zakir Gulab Bag, the fascinating RockGarden, the sacred temple of the Goddess Chandi are truly worth a travel toChandigarh.People of Chandigarh are secular in nature. They believe in celebrating almost all thefestivals with proper rites and rituals. Some of the famous religious places in and aroundChandigarh are ‘Mansa Devi Temple’, ‘Saketri Temple’, ‘Gurudwara Nada Sahib’,‘Gurudwara Baoli Sahib’, ‘Jama Masjid’, etc.
Education in Chandigarh
Chandigarh is known for its high literacy rate of 97%. Its popular schools and collegesinclude St. John’s High School, St. Anne’s Convent School, St. Xavier’s, Sacred HeartConvent High School, Carmel Convent High School, New Public School, St. Kabir HighSchool, St. Stephens High School, DAV School, Shiwalik Public School, GovernmentCollege for Girls, GovernmentCollegefor Men, Home Science College for Girls, GuruGovind Singh College, Government Teacher Training College (Chandigarh,India),GovernmentTeacher Training College, MCM College (Girls), SD College andDAV College.There are model schools set up by the government in various sectors, originally aimedto cater the needs of each sector.
It is a major study hub for students all over Punjab, Harayana and Himachal Pradesh,and students from South-East AsiaChandigarh also houses many institutes of higher learning, such as the PunjabEngineering College, ChandigarhEngineering College, located just outside Chandigarhin Mohali, the Panjab University in sector 14, and the Postgraduate Institute of MedicalResearch.
Food of Chandigarh
Chole-bathure, which is a round-the-year item and is available at every wayside dhabaanywhere in northern India is the most famous dish of Chandigarh. Nevertheless, thepride of the Punjabi winter cuisine is sarson-ka-saag served with blobs of white butter accompanied by makke-di-roti and lassi.The other popular dishes, which belong exclusively to Punjab, are mah ki dal, rajma andstuffed parathas.Punjabi cuisine is characterized by a profusion of dairy products in the form of malai,paneer and curds.Chicken is a favorite with non-vegetarians, fish is also considered a delicacy, especiallyin theAmritsar region, which is also known for its kulcha, baked bread made of refinedflour.Lassi, made of yogurt, tempered with either salt or sugar, is a popular cooling drink of Punjabi origin but it is now quite popular all over the country.Phirni, a sweet dish made of milk, rice flour and sugar and chilled in earthenware bowlsis a typical Punjabi dessert. Punjabi sweet dishes like gulab jamuns and burfi have amajor percentage of khoya again made from milk.Then there is also paneer, a must in the vegetarian Punjabi menu. Several delectableitems are made out of this rather bland derivative of milk. Creations like the KadaiPaneer, and Makhani Paneer are basically Punjabi but are well loved all over thecountry.One thing that makes Punjabi cuisine so special is the tandoor. Besides being aversatile kitchen equipment it is also a social institution. Punjab’s other grandcontribution is the dhaba, the roadside eatery that has become a prominent feature onthe national and state highways. Earlier frequented only by truck drivers, today it is invogue to eat at a dhaba-urban or roadside.
Arts & Culture of Chandigarh
Chandigarh has numerous temples, mosques, shrines and bhawans located through

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