regions nearby Kashmir. These were the time of golden rule in Kashmir when peaceand harmony prevailed. After the death of King Zain-ul-Abidin, a period of destructioncame calling to Kashmir and many raiders from outside looted the state and made thepeople and local rulers their captive.In 1587, Akbar annexed Kashmir into his vast empire. Jahangir, son of Akbar and nextMughal ruler, visited Kashmir 13 times and created two beautiful gardens on the bank of Dal Lake, namely, the Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh. After two centuries of peaceand development, Kashmir came into the hands of the Pathans in 1752, when theAfghan ruler Abdul Shah Abdali attacked this region on the request of local noblemen.In 1819, the Sikhs under Maharaja Ranjit Singh annexed this region, but their empireremained in place only for 27 years. From 1846 to 1957, the Dogras ruled over thisregion when British defeated Ranjit Singh and handed over the administration of thisregion to Maharaja Gulab Singh.
Government of Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir has a multi party democratic system of governance. Main politicalparties include the National Conference, the Indian National Congress (INC) and theJammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party (PDP). Presently, Indian NationalCongress and its ally PDP hold the maximum number of seats in the Jammu andKashmir state assembly. After Mufti Mohammed Sayeed of the PDP completed his thirdyear as Chief Minister, as per the power sharing agreement between the PDP-Congressalliance reached in late 2002, Congress leader Ghulam Nabi Azad replaced Mufti onNovember 2005.
Districts of Jammu & Kashmir
The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir is divided into 14 districts - Anantnag,Baramulla, Budgam, Doda, Jammu, Kargil, Kathua, Kupwara, Leh, Poonch, Pulwama,Rajouri, Srinagar and Udhampur
Economy of Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir's economy is mostly dependent on farming and animal husbandry.Majority of the population of the state depends on agriculture. Paddy, wheat and maizeare the major crops. Barley, bajra and jowar are cultivated in some parts. Gram is grownin Ladakh. Though small, the manufacturing and services sector is growing rapidly.Tourism formed an important part of the Kashmiri economy. Although the tourismeconomy in the Kashmir Valley has been hit by the terrorism threat, Jammu and Ladakhcontinue to remain as popular tourist destinations. The Wood in Kashmir is also used tomake quality Cricket bats and as they are popularly known as Kashmir Willow.Handicrafts from Jammu and Kashmir have demand from both inside and outside thecountry. Coal, gypsum, and limestone are the major minerals produced in the state.
Jammu & Kashmir Travel Information