Lakshadweep InformationIntroduction to Lakshadweep
Lakshadweep appears as a few insignificant dots on themap of India, it is, in fact, a sparkling
diamond adorning India’s southwestern frontier. It is one of the few marvels left untouched bythe encroaching hands of industrialization and progress. The white beaches, the lagoons thatwash its shores with the coral reefs, which enclose it, and finally the deep blue sea-all, these aresymbiotically linked with each other. And, when all these are added up, Lakshadweep is nolonger the tiniest of India’s territories but the largest!
Geography of Lakshadweep
Lakshadweep is the tiniest Union Territory of India, an archipelago consisting of 12 atolls, threereefs and five submerged banks. It is a uni-district Union Territory with an area of 32 Sq. Kmsand is comprised of ten inhabited islands, 17 uninhabited islands attached islets, four newlyformed islets and 5 submerged reefs. The inhabited islands are Kavaratti, Agatti, Amini,Kadmat, Kiltan, Chetlat, Bitra, Andrott, Kalpeni and Minicoy. It is located between 8º- 12º 13"North latitude and 71º -74º East longitude, 220 to 440 Kms. away from the coastal city of Kochiin Kerala, in the emerald Arabian Sea. Considering its lagoon area of about 4,200 Sq. kms,20,000 Sq. kms of territorial waters and about 4 lakhs Sq. kms. of economic zone,Lakshadweep is a large territory.
Brief History of Lakshadweep
The first westerner on the islands was Vasco da Gama, but the English were the first to explorethe islands. They are also mentioned in great detail in the stories of the Arab traveler, IbnBatuta. The Portuguese established a fort on the islands in May 1498, but the inhabitants roseup against them and chased them away. The Amindivi group of islands (Amini, Kadmat, Kiltan,Chetlat and Bitra) came under the rule of Tipu Sultan in 1787. They passed on to British controlafter the third Anglo-Mysore War and were attached to the South Canara district. The rest of theislands became a suzerainty of the Chirakkal family of Cannanore in return for a payment of annual tribute. After a while, the British took over the administration of those islands for non-payment of arrears. These islands were attached to the Malabar district of the MadrasPresidency. In 1956, the States Reorganisation Act separated these islands from the mainlandadministrative units, forming a new union territory by combining all the islands.
Government of Lakshadweep
An administrator appointed by India’s central government administers the union territory.Lakshadweep is under the jurisdiction of the Kerala High Court at Ernakulam. It also elects onemember to the Lok Sabha.
Economy of Lakshadweep