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Madhya Pradesh State Information

Madhya Pradesh State Information

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Published by: CHAITANYA SIVA on Dec 29, 2010
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Madhya Pradesh State Information
Capital : BhopalDistricts :48Language: Hindi
Introduction to Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is a cluster of innumerable districts and varied topographic andclimatic characteristics. Housing the magnificent Vindhyachal mountain range, river valleys and plateau Madhya Pradesh is famous for its wonderful art, craft, music anddance. Rich in geographical varieties, the state also has a good number of importantmines that has a good influence on the economy of the country. Engaged mostly inagricultural activities, the state is the homeland of many tribal races.
Geography of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh lies in the middle of the India, sharing its border with six neighboringstates.The northern border of the state has two neighbor states namely the state of Rajasthanand Uttar Pradesh. The western border of the state is shared by a part of Rajasthan anda part of Maharashtra with Gujarat in between. On the southern part of the state of Madhya Pradesh lie the states Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. The entire easternborder of the state is bounded by the states of Chattisgarh andJharkhand.The total geographical area the state of Madhya Pradesh covers is approximately308,000 sq km divided among the 45 districts of the state. Forests cover a major part of the state and the cultivated area accounts to almost half of the total landmass of thestate. The state covers a wide area of theIndian plateau region. A number of significant rivers flow through this land. Thus, with the mountain ranges,rivers along with the plains, Madhya Pradesh has a varied physical feature.
Brief History of Madhya Pradesh
Historical record reveals the fact of it being ruled by a number of famous empires of India. The empires included the Mauryan Empire to the Mughals and later off course bythe British. During the rule of the Mughals, famous musician Tansen of MadhyaPradesh used to be the official singer of the Mughal Samrat Akbar's court. There aremany interesting legends and folklore related to Tansen and Birbal in the court of Akbar.Madhya Pradesh is also the homeland of Kalidasa, the famous immortal Indian poetand dramatist. The innumerable monuments, carved temples, stupas, forts and palaces
on hilltops signify the aesthetic sense of the empires and kingdoms, of great warriorsand builders, poets and musicians, saints and philosophers.In the earlier times influence of religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islamare still evident in the historical places here. Dynasties like that of Sungas, Andhras,Satavahanas, Ksaptrapas, Nagas and last but not the least the Guptas ruled over thisplace. During and after the tenth century different regions of the state were ruled bydifferent dynasties like Chandellas, who ruled in Khajuraho, Muslims in Gwalior and theHolkar in Indore etc.After the British took over the state, the state had been declared as the central province.After India gained her independence, under the provision of the state reorganization actof 1956, Madhya Pradesh was given the status of a full-fledged state with effect from1st November 1956.Chattisgarh has been carved out as a new state in November 2000 to fulfill a demandthat was long due.
Government of Madhya Pradesh
Shivraj Singh Chauhan is the current chief minister of Madhya Pradesh. He replacedBabulal Gaur as the chief minister on 29 November 2005. Shivraj Singh Chauhan was agold medallist in M. A. (Philosophy) from the Barkatullah University, Bhopal. He belongsto the Bharatiya Janata Party and has been the president of its Madhya Pradesh stateparty unit in the recent past. He has been a five-time Member of Parliament,representing Vidisha in the Lok Sabha since 1991. At present, he represents Budhni, atehsil place in Sehore District of Madhya Pradesh in the state assembly
Madhya Pradesh District Information
Madhya Pradesh state is made up of 48 districts, which are grouped into eight divisions:Bhopal, Chambal, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, Rewa, Sagar, and Ujjain. The districts are:Anuppur, Ashoknagar, Balaghat, Barwani, Betul, Bhind, Bhopal, Burhanpur,Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Dindori, Guna, Gwalior, Harda,Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Katni, Khandwa, Khargone, Mandla,Mandsaur, Morena, Narsinghpur, Neemuch, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Rewa,Sagar, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Sheopur, Shivpuri, Sidhi, Tikamgarh,Ujjain, Umaria, Vidisha.
Economy of Madhya Pradesh
Coal and iron are among the more important of the minerals of Madhya Pradesh. Theiron ore found in Madhya Pradesh is of high grade and occurs in the Dury, Jubalpur,
Bastar and Gwalior districts. Manganese is another important mineral, which occurs inMadhya Pradesh in the Balaghat and Chhindwara districts.There is bauxite which is required in the production of aluminum and which is availablein the Katni tehsil of Jabalpur. Madhya Pradesh has a large deposit of limestonerequired for the production of cement. The Panna region has a rich diamond bed and iswell known for the production of diamonds. Marble is also available in the state inseveral districts.The state has rich granaries of food. In the northern part sillimanite and ochre areexcavated. Other natural products are steatite and China clay. There are manyflourishing textile mills in the state and artificial silk manufacturing plants located atUjjain, Nagda, Indore and Gwalior. In the public sector, huge plants, namely the BhilaiSteel plant, the Heavy Electrical and the Bailadilla are the major achievements.The Nepa Mills produces newsprint for the country. Diesel engines are manufactured atIndore and attractive pottery and carpets are produced at Gwalior.The state is famous for traditional village crafts such as chanderi sarees, leather andclay toys. Ancillary industries such as dyeing, calico printing and bleaching have alsotended to concentrate in areas producing handloom cloth, silk and wool products. Thestates wood work and lacquer-ware are also very famous.Agriculture is the largest area of occupation in Madhya Pradesh. Around 1/5th of thecultivated land is under irrigation. The major food crops here include, jowar, wheat, riceand gram. Among the other crops, the oilseeds, cotton and sugarcane are some of those that need a mention.
Madhya PradeshTravel Information 
This land is a fascinating amalgam of scenic beauty, history and modern urbanplanning. Madhya Pradesh is famous for its legendary tourist destinations such as thetemples of Khajuraho, the majestic forts of Gwalior, Buddhist stupas of Sanchi and thevarious wildlife sanctuaries that Madhya Pradesh is peppered with. Among theimportant cities of Madhya Pradesh Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, and Ujjain aresome of those that must need a mention here. Some new circuits can be experienced inthe northern part of Madhya Pradesh where the GoldenTriangleof Gwalior-Jhansi-Khajuraho has been stretched to include Shivpuri and Orchha is situated at an easy 16kilometers from Jhansi.
Rivers of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh represents great river basins and the watershed of a number of rivers.Catchments of many rivers of India are lying in Madhya Pradesh. The Narmada and

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