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Nagaland State Information

Nagaland State Information

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Published by: CHAITANYA SIVA on Dec 29, 2010
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Nagaland State Information
Capital : KohimaDistricts :11Languages: English, Konyak Angami, Ao, Seema & Loth
Introduction to Nagaland
Nagaland as state of the India was born on 1st December 1963. Nagaland is situatedon the easternmost region of India. One of the seven sister states of India, Nagaland iscovered mostly by high-altitude mountains. The hospitability of the people, culture andtradition simply touch the heart. Moreover, the Nagaland is an ideal destination for trekking, rock climbing and jungle camping.
Geography of Nagaland
Nagaland is located on the extreme northern east just below Arunachal Pradesh. It hason its long eastern strip the neighboring country Myanmar. The north is bounded byArunachal Pradesh, while on its west lies the state of Assam. Manipur borders it on itssouth. Rains are heavy in Nagaland. The average rainfall is between 175 cm and 250cm. Most of the heavy rainfall is during the 4 months from June to September. The rainsduring April to May is low. Strong winds blow from the north west in February andMarch. The climate is pleasant. The terrain is hilly, rugged and mountainous. Thehighest peak is Saramati in the Twensang district, which is 3840 meters above sealevel. The average height of the peaks is between 900 and 1200 metres. The hillsidesare covered with green forests. In the Angami region the terraced fields are a feast tothe eyes.
Brief History of Nagaland
The early history of Nagaland is largely undocumented. The chronicles of theneighboring kingdom of Ahom in Assam notes the customs, economic activities of theNaga tribes.The Naga tribes had socio-economicand political links with tribes in Assam andMyanmar - even today a large population of Naga inhabits Assam. Following aninvasion in 1816, the area along with Assam came under direct rule of Myanmar. Thisperiod was noted for the oppressive rule and turmoil in Assam and Nagaland. When theBritish East India Company took control of Assam in 1826, they steadily expanded their domain over modern Nagaland. By 1892, all of modern Nagaland except the Tuensangarea in the northeast was governed by the British. It was politically amalgamated intoAssam, which in turn was for long periods a part of the province of Bengal.
 
The British noted that the Naga tribes were often engaged in internecine warfare, andthe practice of head-hunting - decapitating captives and civilians for religiousceremonies. The British stopped inter-tribal conflicts, and put an end to the practice of head-hunting by the use of force and diplomacy. But it was largely due to the work of Christian missionaries in the area that transformed Nagaland. Many Naga tribesembraced Christianity, in particular the Baptist faith. A small group of tribes continue topractice the animist religious traditions that existed before the arrival of the British. After the independence of India in 1947, the area remained a part of the province of Assam.In 1957, the Naga Hills district of Assam and the Tuensang frontier were united in asingle political entity that became a Union territory. Statehood was officially granted in1963 and the first state-level democratic elections were held in 1964.
Government of Nagaland
Neiphiu Rio is the Chief Minister of Nagaland. Rio is a member of the NagalandPeople's Front which joined other Naga regionalist parties and the state branch of theBJP under his leadership to form the Democratic Alliance of Nagaland, a coalition whichwon the 2003 state elections, bringing the 15-year-long rule of the Indian NationalCongress in the state to the end. Rio took office as chief minister on March 6, 2003.
Districts of Nagaland
Nagaland has 11 districts: Kohima, Dimapur, Phek, Wokha, Mokokchung, Tuensang,Mon, Zunheboto, Longleng, Peren and Kiphere
Nagaland is mainly land of the Naga tribes, It is famous internationally due to World War II, because it was here that the Japanese advance was halted by British and Indiantroops. Some destinations for tourism in state are World War II Cemetery, StateMuseum and Kohima Village (BARA BASTI). The nearestairportand railhead are atDimapur, Nagaland's gateway and commercial center.
Economy of Nagaland
Agriculture is the main important economic activity in Nagaland. More than 90% of thepopulation employed within it. Principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco,oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes and fibers. However, Nagaland still depends on theimport of food supplies from other states. The widespread practice of jhum - clearing for cultivation - has led to soil erosion and loss of fertility. Only the Angami and Chakesangtribes in the Kohima district use terracing and irrigation techniques. Forestry is also animportant source of income. Cottage industries such as weaving, woodwork and potteryare also an important source of revenue. Tourism is important, but largely limited owingto the state's geographic isolation and political instability in recent years.
 
Rivers of Nagaland
The main rivers that flow through Nagaland are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu and Jhanji.
Educationin Nagaland
The literacy rate in Nagaland is 67.11% as per census of 2001 with male literacy at71.77% and female literacy at 61.92%. The major university in the state is NagalandUniversity, which has three campuses at Kohima, Lumami and Medziphema. There aremany Colleges, HighSchools, Middle Schools and Primary Schools.
Food of Nagaland
The main food of the Naga tribes is rice. It is taken with meat or vegetables. The Nagasare very fond of chillies and the Semas eat them with the greatest delight. Meat couldbe beef, pork and chicken. Nagas also eat mithun, dogs, cats, fish, spiders, birds, crabs- in fact almost any living thing that he can lay his hands on. Even the elephant is eatenand is considered a delicacy. No part of the animal is wasted. Even the skin andintestines are eaten. The skin is spared only if needed for making a shield. Sometimesthe meat is smoke dried and preserved for a long time. Meat and vegetables are usuallycooked together. The food is generally boiled. Rice beer is the main drink. It is generallyof three kinds, Zutho, Ruhi, and Dzutse and may be taken at any time. It is nutritive incontent and if hygienically prepared is a desirable drink.
Arts & Culture of Nagaland
The Nagas belong to the Indo-Mongoloid family. The fourteen major Naga tribes are theAngami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khemungan, Konyak, Lotha, Phom, Pochury,Rengma, Sangtam, Sema, Yimchunger and Zeliang. Each tribe has their ownlanguages and cultural features. The important handicrafts of the Nagas arewoodcarving, bamboo work, pottery and blacksmithy.
Music of Nagaland
Music is an essential accompaniment to any Genna or festival. The themes have a widerange of variety. They may glorify a tradition, extol a specific act of heroism, narrate animportant event of the recent past or relate to a love story. A common musicalinstrument played by the Nagas is Petu. It is a string instrument. The Angamis andChakhesangs are particularly fond of it and it is used to give the desiredaccompaniment to one's voice. Another popular string instrument is Theku. Of the windinstrument, the flute is quite common.
Festivals of Nagaland

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