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Galileo at Jupiter the First Ganymede Encounter Press Kit

Galileo at Jupiter the First Ganymede Encounter Press Kit

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA press kit for Galileo Ganymede encounter.
NASA press kit for Galileo Ganymede encounter.

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Dec 30, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/08/2014

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
GALILEO
AT
JUPITER:
THE
FIRST
GANYMEDE
ENCOUNTER
PRESS
KIT
JULY
1996
T
REPRODUCED
AT
GOVT.
EXPENSE
-.-
_. .
 
Douglas IsbellHeadquarters,Washington, DCFranklin O’DonnellJet Propulsion Laboratory,Pasadena, CA
Contacts
Policy/Program ManagementGalileo Mission
Ann
Hutchison Atmospheric Descent Probe
Ames
Research Center,Mountain
View,
CA
202/358-
1753
818/354-5011
41
5/604-4968
CONTENTS
GENERAL RELEASE
................................................................................................................................................
1
MEDIA SERVICES INFORMATION
......................................................................................................................
4
GALILEO QUICK LOOK
........................._................................................................................................................
ORBITER MISSION
...................................................................................................................................................
9
THE JOVIAN SYSTEM
..................................................................................
.
.......................................................
11
INTERPLANETARY CRUISE SCIENCE
.............................................................................................................
12
ATMOSPHERIC PROBE MISSION
......................................................................................................................
16
TELECOMMUNICATIONS STRATEGY
.............................................................................................................
18
THE SPACECRAFT
.................................................................................................................................................
26
TECHNOLOGY BENEFITS FROM GALILEO
...............................
......................................................................
PROGRAlWPROJECT MANAGEMENT
..............................................................................................................
31
1
REPRODUCED
AT
GOVT.
EXPENSE
 
RELEASE:
96-122
GALILEO READIES
FOR
CLOSE
FLYBY
OF
JUPITER’S
BIGGESTMOON
Now residing in orbit around Jupiter,
NASA’s
Galileo spacecraft has successfullycompleted its first close flyby of Jupiter‘s largest moon, Ganymede, at 6:29 Universal Timeon June 27
(1
1:29 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time on June
26).
Equipped with 10 scientific instruments, Galileo flew just 835 kilometers
(5
19 miles)above Ganymede’s surface to provide the most detailed images and other information everobtained about the icy satellite. Images and other data gathered by the spacecraft have beenradioed back to Earth in the days following the flyby, and will continue for several weeks thissummer.On June
23,
Galileo’s particle detectors and magnetic fields instruments beganmaking nearly continuous measurements as the spacecraft approached Ganymede. Its opticalinstruments then began periodic observations, including the first round
of
picture-taking(other than engineering images taken for navigation purposes) since months before thespacecraft entered orbit around Jupiter on December
7,
1995.Selected images of Ganymede taken by Galileo will be released in
a
televised newsconference at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory on July
10.
With
a
5,262-kilometer (3,269-mile) diameter, Ganymede
is
the largest moon in thesolar system
--
bigger than Mercury and about three-quarters the size
of
Mars. It possesses avariety of familiar Earthlike geologic formations including craters and basins, grooves andmountains. The bulk of the satellite is about half water ice and half rock.Portions of its surface
are
relatively bright, clean ice while the other regions arecovered with darker “dirty” ice. The darker areas appear to be ancient and heavily cratered,while the lighter regions display evidence of tectonic activity that may have broken up the icycrust.
A
thin layer of ozone has been found in Ganymede’s surface by astronomers.Galileo will return high-resolution images showing features on Ganymede
as
small
as
10 meters (about
33
feet) across. Instruments on board have assessed Ganymede’s surfacechemistry and searched for signs
of
an atmosphere around the big moon. Measurements havebeen made to characterize Ganymede‘s gravity field and to determine if it possesses
a
magnetic field.In the days just before and after the Ganymede flyby, Galileo’s other studies included
a
search for auroral activity on Jupiter‘s nightside and observations of other Jovian moons:
Io,
Europa and Callisto. The “Io torus,”
a
hot, doughnut-shaped
ring
of
charged particles
1
T
1
REPRODUCED
AT
GOVT.
EXPENSE
-
-.
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