(short for Image MAXimum) is a film format created by Canada's IMAX Corporationthat has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventionalfilm display systems. A standard IMAX screen is 22 metres (72 ft) wide and 16.1 metres(53 ft) high, but can be larger. As of 2008, IMAX is the most widely used system for large-format, special-venue film presentations. As of March 2007, there were 280 IMAX theatresin 38 countries (60% of these are located in Canada and the United States). Half of theseare commercial theatres and half are in educational venues. A variation of IMAX, IMAXDOME (originally called OMNIMAX), is designed for projection on tilted dome screens.The largest
in the world is IMAX Adlabs in Mumbai, India with a screen areaof 1,180 m
(12,700 sq. ft.). Films can also be projected in 3D with IMAX 3D. The largest
Theater in the world is Prasads IMAX
along with South Asia's only 4D Simulator inHyderabad, India. However, the largest IMAX screen in the world is located at DarlingHarbour in Sydney, Australia. The desire to increase the visual impact of film has a longhistory. In 1929, Fox introduced Fox Grandeur, the first 70 mm movie format, but it quicklyfell from use. In the 1950s, CinemaScope (introduced in 1953) and VistaVision (1954)widened the image projected from 35 mm film, and there were multi-projector systemssuch as Cinerama (1952) for even wider presentations. While impressive, Cinerama wasdifficult to set up, and the seams between adjacent projected images were difficult to hide.
Main article: List of IMAX venues
Cinesphere, the world'sfirst permanent IMAXtheatre, at Ontario Placein Toronto, Ontario,CanadaL'Hemisferic (Ciutatde les Arts i lesCiències) Valencia,SpainThe black structure seenin this photo is theLuxor IMAX Theatre,situated in the LuxorHotelSM Mall of AsiaIMAX Theatre inManila, Philippines