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Ring Spinning Vs. All Technologies

Ring Spinning Vs. All Technologies

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Published by SOhaib Kazme

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Published by: SOhaib Kazme on Dec 31, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/01/2013

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Objectives:
The main or primary objective of this report is to understand the working principals of the machines onthe production floor ,the productive potential of those machinery, the flaws in the working whichinterfere during the production and results in loss of production, Quality, Efficiency, and material lossand in short results in the increase of yarn manufacturing cost. These faults can be of different types, Itcould be a manufacturing fault, or it could be because of poor handling of the material, or it could be because of the Quality of material processed, because if we are dealing with material of not a very goodquality then it will not doubt effect the production, quality, efficiency of the machine.There are different types of yarn manufacturing technologies available i.e.
o
 
ing Spinning
o
 
C
ompact Spinning
o
 
otor Spinning
o
 
A
ir jet Spinning
o
 
M
isc
A
 bove mentioned are the technologies that are mostly used for the manufacturing of yarn. Each of theabove mentioned techniques for yarn production compromises of different working principal and work on whole different idea of yarn manufacturing. They differ in yarn quality, production speed,efficiency, and material processing method.
Produ
cti
on
Spee
d/Qual
ity:
When talking about the capacity of a machine to manufacture a good, production speed is a veryimportant factor along with the Quality prospective. Because it is permissible to obtain a very high production speed but neglecting the Quality factor. The above mentioned technologies differ with eachother very much in production speed and quality of yarn produced by these machines. e.g.
o
 
otor spinning is 7 times faster than
ing Spinning
o
 
C
ompact spinning is also faster than
ing spinning
o
 
A
ir jet spinning is 3 times faster than
otor spinning it means
A
ir jet is 10 times faster than
ing Spinning.
o
 
Similarly Vortex spinning is a technology that is the fastest technology available in the market.
o
 
otor Spinning shows produced less hairy in yarn than
ing spinning
o
 
C
ompact Spinning by eliminating spinning triangle produced finer, high quality and less hairyyarn.
o
 
A
ir jet produced very fine yarn with less hairiness than
ing Spinning.But besides of so much advantages achievable with the technologies other than
ing Spinning still
ING SPINNING is considered to be the most reliable technology when dealing with differenttypes of fibers for different end uses.
o
 
otor spinning is used only for manufacturing of coarser yarns because of low torquegeneration for the twist insertion, therefore its usage has restricted only to coarser yarns.
o
 
A
ir jet Spinning is no doubt very fast yarn manufacturing technology but still a limitationof this machine is that it cannot be used for the production of coarser yarns. So, its usagehas restricted only to finer yarns.
o
 
Vortex spinning is a technology, which has been implemented successfully only by
M
urataTech and its usage has restricted mostly to fashion purposes.
 
B
u
t Ri
ng
Spi
nn
i
ng
vs. A
ll
Tech
nolog
ies:
o
 
Production of high strength yarns.
o
 
Spinning of fine count yarns.
o
 
Proper for special yarns.
o
 
It is universally applicable (any material can be spun).
o
 
The know how for operation of machine is well established accessible to everyone.
o
 
It is flexible as regards quantities (blend and lot size).
o
 
Since the speeds in drawing section are best controlled, yarn evenness is excellent. But if shortfibers are too much, yarn unevenness occurs.
o
 
F
ine yarns can be produced as compared to open-end system
B
u
t A
l
s
o
Dis
ad
v
an
t
ag
es:
o
 
Process stages are more numerous.
oving stage exists as an extra process compared to theother systems.
o
 
Y
arn breakages are more numerous as a result of ring traveler friction and yarn air friction.Interruptions, broken ends and piecing up problems exist because of the yarn breakages.
o
 
The high speed of the traveler damages the fibers.
o
 
The capacity of the cops is limited.
o
 
Energy cost is very high.
o
 
L
ow production rate.
I
ndu
st
r
i
al
Rev
olu
ti
on
 
A
fter the Industrial revolution (1764-1784)
M
ule Spinning gained attention throughout the world.
C
ontinuous efforts were being made to refine this system of spinning.
L
ater,
ing Spinning wasintroduced after some modifications in
M
ule Spinning System. The basic technology of the
ingSpinning remained unchanged.In spite of significant developments and refinements of the system, following the commercialacceptance of the Open-end spinning, many new spinning systems were developed, some of whichhave gained popularity.Open-end spinning machine, specifically manufactured for short staple fibers, was considered a goodrival because of much higher production and better evenness of the yarn. However, further development of this system showed that the best performance of the OE system is limited to the coarsecategories of yarn.On the other hand,
ing Spinning Systems have been refined during the last 30 years, the ultimateobjectives of spinning dialectologists are focused on higher production speed, combined with adequatequality. The quest for higher yarn quality has become in line with the much more exacting requirementsand the performance criteria of the knitter, weaver etc.
INTRODUCTION
 Since drafting at
ing
F
rame is a major influence on yarn qualities & ultimately tells on even fabricappearance, conversion of drafting to upgrade ring frame is a worthwhile exercise.
 
A
mong the various components of ring frame, drafting has the maximum influence on yarn quality&ring performance. Drafting at
ing
F
rame considerably influences not only evenness andappearance of yarn, but also performance of yarn, appearance of fabric, and rejections due to yarnfaults. Therefore conversion of drafting is given a high priority in the efforts to upgrade a
ing
F
rame and the payback from such investments is attractive.
IRREGULARITY IN DRAFTING
 Irregularity added in drafting is mainly caused by:1. Inadequate control over the movement of short and floating fibres.2. Slippage of strand and fibres under the drafting roller.3. Variations in speed of drafting rollers.4.
M
echanical faults.Developments in drafting have therefore focused mainly on reducing the contribution from thesefactors.

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