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FM6_11702

FM6_11702

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XXI ICTAM, 15–21 August 2004, Warsaw, Poland
NUMERICAL COMPUTATION OF COMPRESSIBLE VISCOUS FLOW THROUGH A MALEROTOR-HOUSING GAP OF SCREW COMPRESSORS
Jan Vimmr
University of West Bohemia in Pilsen, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Mechanics,Univerzitní 22, CZ-306 14 Plzeˇ n, Czech Republic
Summary
This contribution deals with the numerical computation of a compressible viscous fluid flow through a two-dimensionalmodel of the male rotor-housing gap in the screw compressor. Numerical solution of the nonlinear conservative system of the com-pressible Navier-Stokes equations is obtained by means of the cell-centred finite volume formulation of the explicit two-step TVDMacCormack scheme proposed by Causon on a structured quadrilateral grid using the own numerical code.
INTRODUCTION
Gas leakage is a phenomenon that has a lot of different features, many of significant importance. Compressor engineersare mostly interested in estimation for the mass flow rate. It has a great influence on the compressor performance, es-pecially with regard to its internal efficiency. Therefore it is necessary to make reasonable estimates for mass flow rates orto investigate the details of the leakage flow. The aim of this contri-bution is to show the numerical computation of a compressible viscousfluid flow through the male rotor-housing gap (the gap between the statorand the head of the male rotor tooth), Fig. 1, in the screw compressorfor the pressure ratio
p
01
/p
2
= 2
. It is assumed that the leakage flowis laminar in most cases and that the male rotor-housing gap can be si-mulated by a two-dimensional bounded domain
R
2
, occupied bythe perfect gas, with the boundary
∂ 
=
∂ 
∂ 
O
∂ 
, where
∂ 
is the inlet and
∂ 
O
the outlet section of the computational domain
,
∂ 
=
∂ 
WR
∂ 
WS
are impermeable walls of the computationaldomain corresponding to the stator
∂ 
WS
and the head of the male rotortooth
∂ 
WR
.
Fig. 1.
Frontal section of rotors,5 – male rotor-housing gap
MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF LAMINAR COMPRESSIBLE FLOW
Let
(0
,
T  
)
be a time interval. The mathematical model of a laminar compressible flow is described by the nonlinearconservative system of the Navier-Stokes (NS) equations. For 2-D problems it can be written in nondimensional form as
∂ 
w
∂t
+
∂ 
(
w
)
∂x
+
∂ 
g
(
w
)
∂y
=1
Re
∂ 
V  
(
w
)
∂x
+
∂ 
g
V  
(
w
)
∂y
in
×
(0
,
T  
)
.
(1)The vector
w
of conservative variables and the inviscid
(
w
)
,
g
(
w
)
and viscous fluxes
(
w
)
,
g
(
w
)
are defined as
w
=
, u, v, E 
,
(
w
) =
u, u
2
+
p, uv,
(
+
p
)
u
,
g
(
w
) =
v, uv, v
2
+
p,
(
+
p
)
v
,
(2)
V  
(
w
) = (0
, τ 
xx
, τ 
xy
, uτ 
xx
+
vτ 
xy
q
x
)
,
g
V  
(
w
) = (0
, τ 
yx
, τ 
yy
, uτ 
yx
+
vτ 
yy
q
y
)
,
(3)where
t
is time,
density,
p
static pressure,
total energy per unit volume,
u,v
are Cartesian components of velocityvector
v
and
τ 
xx
,τ 
xy
,τ 
yx
,τ 
yy
are laminar shear stresses given for a Newtonian fluid. The external volume forces areneglected.To close the system of the compressible NS equations
(1)
it is necessary to specify the equation of state for the perfect gas
 p
=
r
= (
κ
1)
c
v
and therelationfortotalenergy perunitvolume
=
pκ
1
+
12
|
v
|
2
, where
isthermodynamictemperature,
r
=
c
 p
c
v
the gas constant per unit mass,
c
 p
and
c
v
are the specific heats at constant pressure and volume,respectively and
κ
= 1
.
4
is so-called Poisson’s constant. Heat flux terms
q
x
,q
y
can be written as
q
x
=
k∂T ∂x
κκ
1
ηPr∂ ∂x
 p
, q
y
=
k∂T ∂y
κκ
1
ηPr∂ ∂y
 p
,
(4)where
η
is molecular viscosity,
k
thermal conductivity and
Pr
=
c
 p
η/k
is the laminar Prandtl number which is taken tobe 0.72 for the calorically perfect gas. All quantities are considered as nondimensional. The reference Reynolds numberis defined as
Re
=
ref 
u
ref 
l
ref 
ref 
.
Boundary conditions
We consider the flow with
Re
= 3900
. At the inlet
∂ 
, the stagnation pressure
p
01
= 1
, the stagnation temperature
01
= 1
, the inlet angle
α
1
,
∂T ∂n
= 0
and
τ 
ij
n
j
= 0
,
i
= 1
,
2
are prescribed. At the outlet
∂ 
O
, the static pressure
 p
2
= 0
.
5
,
∂T ∂n
= 0
and
τ 
ij
n
j
= 0
,
i
= 1
,
2
are kept. On the walls
∂ 
WS
and
∂ 
WR
, the boundary conditions
u
= 0
,
v
= 0
and
∂T ∂n
= 0
are satisfied. It is assumed that the male rotor does not move. These nondimensional boundaryconditions give the inlet Mach number
1
= 0
.
05
and the outlet Mach number
2
= 0
.
63
, see Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.

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