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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
2 Back to Basics
2.1 Polymers
2.2 Thermoplastics
2.5 Why Does Recyclate Always Seem to be Black?
3.1 Rheology
3.2 Heat
3.3 Physical and Chemical Changes
3.5 Short-Term Mechanical Testing
3.5.1 Tensile Testing
3.5.2 Impact Testing
4 Why Plastics Need to be Sorted
5.1 Contaminants
5.2 Recycling Techniques
5.3 Size Reduction
5.4 Washing
5.5 Identification and Sorting of Plastics
5.6 Agglomeration
6 Processing Techniques
6.1 Extrusion
6.1.1 Introduction
6.1.2 Compounding
6.1.3 Single-Screw Extruders
6.1.4 Twin-Screw Extruders
6.1.5 Co-Extrusion
6.2 Supply Chains for Compounds
6.3 Injection Moulding
6.3.2 Co-Injection Moulding
6.4 Blow Moulding
6.4.1 Extrusion Blow Moulding
6.4.2 Injection Blow Moulding
6.5 Weld Lines
6.6 Film Blowing
6.7 Compression Moulding
6.8 Thermoforming
6.9 Processes for Incorporating Mixed Plastic Waste
6.9.1 Intrusion Moulding
6.9.2 Transfer Moulding
6.9.3 Sinter Moulding
6.10 Conclusion
6.11 Case Study: Plastic Lumber
7 Additives for Recyclates
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The Degradation of Plastics
7.3 Restabilisation of Recyclates
7.4 Testing the Effects of Stabilisers
7.4.1 Processing Stability
7.4.2 Heat Stability
7.4.3 Light Stability
7.5 Stabilisers
7.5.1 Thermal Stabilisation
7.5.2 Light Stabilisation
7.6.1 Degradable Plastics
7.6.2 Compatibilisers
8.1 The Case of Thermosets
8.2 Chemical Recycling
8.3 Thermal Conversion Technologies
8.3.1 Pyrolysis
8.3.2 Hydrogenation
8.3.3 Gasification
8.4 Energy Recovery
9.1 Development
9.3 Developing Recyclate Markets
10.1 Case Study: Packaging
10.2 Integrated Product Policy
10.3 Conclusion
Abbreviations and Acronyms
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Introduction to Plastics Recycling Second Edition

Introduction to Plastics Recycling Second Edition

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Published by Thảo Sương

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Published by: Thảo Sương on Dec 31, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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