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SPMAR7000UserGuide

SPMAR7000UserGuide

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Published by: renspur on Jan 01, 2011
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that have substantial conductive materials (e.g. larger gas engines, carbon ber, pipes, etc.),which can weaken the signal.Using servo tape, mount the remote receiver keeping the remote antennas at least 2 inchesaway rom the primary antenna. Ideally, the antennas will be oriented perpendicularly to eachother. In airplanes, we’ve ound it best to mount the primary receiver in the center o theuselage on the servo tray and to mount the remote receiver to the side o the uselage or in theturtle deck.In helicopters, there is generally enough room on the servo tray to achieve the necessaryseparation. I necessary a mount can be ashioned using clear plastic to mount the externalreceiver.
Important- Y-Harnesses and Servo Extensions
When using Y-harness or servo extensions it’s important to use standard non-amplied Y-harnesses and servo extensions as this can/will cause the servos to operate erratically or notunction at all. Amplied Y-harnesses were developed several years ago to boost the signal orsome older PCM systems and should not be used with Spektrum equipment. Note that whenconverting existing models to Spektrum be certain that all ampled Y-harnesses and or servoextensions are replaced with conventional non-amplied versions.
Binding
The AR7000 receiver must be bound to the transmitter beore it will operate. Binding is theprocess o teaching the receiver the specic code o the transmitter so it will only connect tothat specic transmitter.
1.
To bind an AR7000 to a DSM2 transmitter, insert the bind plug in the BATT/BIND port on thereceiver.
Note:
 
To bind an aircrat with an electronic speed controller that powers the receiver throughthe throttle channel (ESC/BEC), insert the bind plug into the BATT/BIND port in thereceiver and the throttle lead into the throttle (THRO) port. Proceed to Step #2.
AR7000 User Guide
The AR7000 ull range 7-channel receiver eatures DSM2
technology and is compatible withall Spektrum
and JR
®
aircrat radios that support DSM2 technology including: JR12X, X9303,Spektrum DX7, DX6i, DX5e and Module Systems.
Note:
The AR7000 receiver is not compatible with the Spektrum DX6 parkfyer transmitter.
Features
•7-channelfullrangereceiver•PatentedMultiLinkreceivertechnology•Includesoneinternalandoneremotereceiver•SmartSafe
failsafesystem•QuickConnect
withBrownoutDetection•FlightLogcompatible(optional)
 
Applications
Full range up to 7-channel aircrat including:
•Alltypesandsizesofglow,gasandelectricpoweredairplanes•Alltypesandsizesofno-poweredgliders•Alltypesandsizesofglow,gasandelectricpoweredhelicopters
 
Note:
Not or use in airplanes that have ull carbon uselages. Not or use in airplanes thathave signicant carbon or conductive structures.
Specifications:Type:DSM2FullRangereceiverChannels:7Modulation:DSM2Dimensions:0.996inx1.85inx0.622in(25.3mmx47mmx15.8mm)Weight:.49oz(14g)Voltagerange:3.5to9.6VResolution:1024Compatibility:AllDSM2aircrafttransmittersandmodulesystemsPatentedMultiLink 
ReceiverTechnology
The AR7000 incorporates dual receivers, oering the security o dual path RF redundancy. Aninternal receiver is located on the main printed circuit board, while a second external receiveris attached to the main board with a 6-inch extension. By locating these receivers in slightlydierent locations in the aircrat, each receiver is exposed to its own RF environment, greatlyimproving path diversity (the ability or the receiver to see the signal in all conditions).
AntennaPolarization
For optimum RF link perormance it’s important that the antennas be mounted in an orientationthat allows or the best possible signal reception when the aircrat is in all possible attitudes and
positions.Thisisknownasantennapolarization.Theantennasshouldbeorientedperpendiculartoeachother;typicallyoneverticalandonehorizontal(seeReceiverInstallation).Theremote
receiver’s antenna should be mounted in a position perpendicular at least 2 inches away romthe main receiver’s antenna using double-sided oam tape.
ReceiverInstallation
In gas and glow aircrat install the main receiver using the same method you would use to installa conventional receiver in your aircrat. Typically, wrap the main receiver in protective oam andasten it in place using rubber bands or hook and loop straps. Alternately, in electric airplanes or helicopters, it’s acceptable to use thick double-sided oamtape to asten the main receiver in place.Mounting the remote receiver in a slightly dierent location, even just inches away rom theprimary receiver, gives tremendous improvements in path diversity. Essentially, each receiversees a dierent RF environment and this is key to maintaining a solid RF link, even in aircrat
2.
Power the receiver. Note that the LED on the receiver should be fashing, indicating that thereceiver is in bind mode and ready to be bound to the transmitter. 
3.
Move the sticks and switches on the transmitter to the desired ailsae positions (low throttleand neutral control positions).
4.
Follow the procedures o your specic transmitter to enter Bind Mode, the system willconnect within a ew seconds. Once connected, the LED on the receiver will go solidindicating the system is connected.
5.
Remove the bind plug rom the BATT/BIND port on the receiver beore you power o thetransmitter and store it in a convenient place.
6.
Ater you’ve set up your model, it’s important to rebind the system so the true low throttleand neutral control surace positions are set.
IMPORTANT:
Remove the bind plug to prevent the system rom entering bind mode the nexttime the power is turned on.
 
SmartSafe
Failsafe
The AR7000 eatures SmartSae ailsae. SmartSae is ideal or mosttypes o aircrat. With SmartSae, when signal is lost the throttle channelonly is driven to its preset ailsae position (normally low throttle) while all otherchannels hold last command.
•Preventsunintentionalelectricmotorresponseonstart-up.Eliminatesthepossibilityofover-drivingservosonstart-upbystoringpresetfailsafe
positions.
Establisheslow-throttlefailsafeandmaintainslast-commandedcontrolsurfacepositionif
the RF signal is lost.
ReceiverPowerOnly
•Whenthereceiveronlyisturnedon(notransmittersignalispresent),thethrottlechannelhas
no output, to avoid operating or arming the electronic speed control.
•Allotherchannelsaredriventotheirpresetfailsafepositionssetduringbinding.
Note:
Some analog servos may drit slightly during power-up even though no signal is present.This is normal.
AfterConnection
Whenthetransmitteristurnedonandafterthereceiverconnectstothetransmitter,normal
control o all channels occurs.
 Afterthesystemmakesaconnection,iflossofsignaloccursSmartSafedrivesthethrottle
servo only to its preset ailsae position (low throttle) that was set during binding.
 Allotherchannelsholdtheirlastcommandedposition.Whenthesignalisregained,the
system immediately (less than 4ms) regains control.
PluggingintheLeads
Plug the servo leads into the appropriate servo ports in the receiver noting the polarity o theservo connector.
RangeTesting
Beore each fying session and especially with a new model, it is important to perorm a rangecheck. All Spektrum aircrat transmitters incorporate a range testing system which, whenactivated, reduces the output power, allowing a range check.1. With the model restrained on the ground, stand 30 paces (approx. 90 eet/28 meters) awayrom the model.2. Face the model with the transmitter in your normal fying position and place yourtransmitter into range check mode.3. You should have total control o the model with the button depressed at 30 paces (90eet/28 meters).4. I control issues exist, call the Product Support Team in the U.S. at 1-877-504-0233 orurther assistance. In the UK or Germany use one o the ollowing addresses.European Union: +44 (0) 1279 641 097 (United Kingdom)
oremailsales@horizonhobby.co.uk 
 +49 4121 46199 66 (Deutschland)
oremailservice@horizonhobby.de
 
AdvancedRangeTesting
For sophisticated models that have signicant conductive material in them, the Advanced rangetest using a fight log is recommended. The advanced range check will conrm that the internaland remote receivers are operating optimally and that the installation (position o the receivers)
isoptimizedforthespecicaircraft.ThisAdvancedRangeCheckallowstheRFperformanceofeachreceivertobeevaluatedandtooptimizethelocationsoftheremotereceiver.
AdvancedRangeTest
1 Plug a Flight Log (SPM9540 - optional) into the Batt/Data port on the AR7000 and turn onthe system (Tx and Rx).2. Advance the Flight Log until F-rame losses are displayed by pressing the button on theFlight Log.3. Have a helper hold your aircrat while observing the Flight Log data.4. Standing 30 paces away rom the model, ace the model with the transmitter in yournormal fying position and put your transmitter into range test mode. This causes reducedpower output rom the transmitter.5. Have your helper position the model in various orientations (nose up, nose down, nosetoward the Tx, nose away rom the Tx, etc.) while your helper watches the Flight Log notingany correlation between the aircrat’s orientation and rame losses. Do this or 1 minute.The timer on the transmitter can be used here.
ReceiverPowerSystemRequirements
Inadequate power systems that are unable to provide the necessary minimum voltage to thereceiver during fight have become the number one cause o in-fight ailures. Some o thepower system components that aect the ability to properly deliver adequate power include
•Receiverbatterypack(numberofcells,capacity,celltype,stateofcharge)
 
•TheESC’scapabilitytodelivercurrenttothereceiverinelectricaircraft
 
•Theswitchharness,batteryleads,servoleads,regulatorsetc.
The AR7000 has a minimum operational voltage o 3.5 volts; it is highly recommended thepower system be tested per the guidelines below.
RecommendedPowerSystemTestGuidelines
I a questionable power system is being used (e.g. small or old battery, ESC that may not havea BEC that will support high current draw, etc.), it is recommended that a voltmeter be used toperorm the ollowing test. 
Note:
The Hangar 9 Digital Servo & Rx Current Meter (HAN172) or the Spektrum Flight Log(SPM9540) are the perect tools to perorm the test below.Plug the voltmeter into an open channel port in the receiver and with the system on, load thecontrol suraces (apply pressure with your hand) while monitoring the voltage at the receiver.The voltage should remain above 4.8 volts even when all servos are heavily loaded.
Note:
The latest generations o Nickel-Metal Hydride batteries incorporate a new chemistrymandated to be more environmentally riendly. These batteries when chargedwith peak detection ast chargers have tendencies to alse peak (not ully charge)repeatedly. These include all brands o NiMH batteries. I using NiMH packs, beespecially cautious when charging, making absolutely sure that the battery is ullycharged. It is recommended to use a charger that can display total charge capacity.Note the number o mAh put into a discharged pack to veriy it has been charged to ullcapacity.
QuickConnectWithBrownoutDetection
 Your AR7000 eatures QuickConnect with Brownout Detection.
•Shouldaninterruptionofpoweroccur(brownout),thesystemwillreconnectimmediately
when power is restored (QuickConnect).
•TheLEDonthereceiverwillashslowlyindicatingapowerinterruption(brownout)has
occurred.
•Brownoutscanbecausedbyaninadequatepowersupply(weakbatteryorregulator),a
loose connector, a bad switch, an inadequate BEC when using an electronic speed controller,etc.
•Brownoutsoccurwhenthereceivervoltagedropsbelow3.5voltsthusinterruptingcontrol
as the servos and receiver require a minimum o 3.5 volts to operate.
HowQuickConnect
WithBrownoutDetectionWorks
•Whenthereceivervoltagedropsbelow3.5voltsthesystemdropsout(ceasestooperate).•Whenpowerisrestoredthereceiverimmediatelyattemptstoreconnecttothelasttwo
requencies that it was connected to.
•Ifthetwofrequenciesarepresent(thetransmitterwaslefton)thesystemreconnects
typically in about 4/100 o a second.QuickConnect with Brownout Detection is designed to allow you to fy saely through most shortduration power interruptions, however, the root cause o these interruptions must be correctedbeore the next fight to prevent catastrophic saety issues.
Note:
I a brownout occurs in fight it is vital that the cause o the brownout be determinedand corrected.
FlightLog(SPM9540Optional)
The Flight Log is compatible with the AR7000. The Flight Log displays overall RF link perormance as well as the individual internal and external receiver link data. Additionally itdisplays receiver voltage.
UsingtheFlightLog
 Ater a fight and beore turning o the receiver or transmitter, plug the Flight Log into the Dataport on the AR7000. The screen will automatically display voltage e.g. 6v2= 6.2 volts.
Note:
When the voltage reaches 4.8 volts or less, the screen will fash indicating low voltage.Press the button to display the ollowing inormation:A - Antenna ades on the internal antennaB – Not usedL – Antenna ades on the external antennaR – Not usedF - Frame lossH - Holds Antenna ades—represents the loss o a bit o inormation on that specic antenna.Typically it’s normal to have as many as 50 to 100 antenna ades during a fight. I any singleantenna experiences over 500 ades in a single fight, the antenna should be repositioned in the
aircrafttooptimizetheRFlink.
Frame loss—represents simultaneous antenna ades on all attached receivers. I the RF link is perorming optimally, rame losses per fight should be less than 20. A hold occurs when 45consecutive rame losses occur. This takes about one second. I a hold occurs during a fight, it’simportant to evaluate the system, moving the antennas to dierent locations and/or checking tobe sure the transmitter and receivers are all working correctly.
Note:
A servo extension can be used to allow the Flight Log to be plugged in moreconveniently. On some models, the Flight Log can be plugged in, attached and let onthe model using double-sided tape. Mounting the Flight Log conveniently to the siderame is common with helicopters.
ModelMatch
Some Spektrum and JR transmitters oer a patent pending eature called ModelMatch.ModelMatch prevents the possibility o operating a model using the wrong model memory,potentially preventing a crash. With ModelMatch each model memory has its own unique code(GUID) and during the binding process the code is programmed into the receiver. Later, when thesystem is turned on, the receiver will only connect to the transmitter i the corresponding modelmemory is programmed on screen.
Note:
I at any time you turn on the system and it ails to connect, check to be sure thecorrect model memory is selected in the transmitter. Please note that the Spektrum Aircrat Modules do not have ModelMatch.
30 paces (90 feet/28 meters)
 
Tips on Using Spektrum 2.4GHz
WhileyourDSMequipped2.4GHzsystemisintuitivetooperate,functioningnearlyidenticallyto72MHzsystems,followingareafewcommonquestionsfromcustomers.
Q:WhichdoIturnonrst,thetransmitterorthereceiver?
 A: I the receiver is turned o frst— 
all servos except or the throttle will be driven to theirpreset ailsae positions set during binding. At this time the throttle channel doesn’t output apulse position preventing the arming o electronic speed controllers or in the case o an enginepowered aircrat the throttle servo remaining in its current position. When the transmitter is
thenturnedonthetransmitterscansthe2.4GHzbandandacquirestwoopenchannels.Then
the receiver that was previously bound to the transmitter scans the band and nds the GUID(Globally Unique Identier code) stored during binding. The system then connects and operatesnormally.
I the transmitter is turned on frst— 
thetransmitterscansthe2.4GHzbandandacquirestwo
open channels. When the receiver is then turned on or a short period (the time it takes toconnect) all servos except or the throttle are driven to their preset ailsae positions while the
throttlehasnooutputpulse.Thereceiverscansthe2.4GHzbandlookingforthepreviously
stored GUID and when it locates the specic GUID code and conrms uncorrupted repeatablepacket inormation, the system connects and normal operation takes place. Typically this takes2 to 6 seconds.
Q:Sometimesthesystemtakeslongertoconnectandsometimesitdoesn’tconnect
 
atall?
 A: In order or the system to connect (ater the receiver is bound) the receiver must receivea large number o consecutive uninterrupted perect packets rom the transmitter in order toconnect. This process is purposely critical o the environment ensuring that it’s sae to fy whenthe system does connect. I the transmitter is too close to the receiver (less that 4 t.) or i thetransmitter is located near metal objects (metal TX case, the bed o a truck, the top o a metalwork bench, etc.) connection will take longer and in some cases connection will not occur as
thesystemisreceivingreected2.4GHzenergyfromitselfandisinterpretingthisasunfriendly
noise. Moving the system away rom metal objects or moving the transmitter away rom thereceiver and powering the system again will cause a connection to occur. This only happensduring the initial connection. Once connected the system is locked in and should a loss o signaloccur (ailsae) the system connects immediately (4ms) when signal is regained.
Q:I’veheardthattheDSMsystemislesstolerantoflowvoltage.Isthecorrect?
 A: All DSM receivers have an operational voltage range o 3.5 to 9.6 volts. With most systemsthis is not a problem as in act most servos cease to operate at around 3.8 volts. When usingmultiple high-current draw servos with a single or inadequate battery/power source, heavymomentary loads can cause the voltage to dip below this 3.5-volt threshold thus causing theentire system (servos and receiver) to brown out. When the voltage drops below the low voltagethreshold (3.5 volts), the DSM receiver must reboot (go through the startup process o scanningthe band and nding the transmitter) and this can take several seconds. Please read the receiverpower requirement section as this explains how to test or and prevent this occurrence.
Q:Sometimesmyreceiverlosesitsbindandwon’tconnectrequiringrebinding.Whathappensifthebindislostinight?
 A: The receiver will never lose its bind unless it’s instructed to. It’s important to understand thatduring the binding process the receiver not only learns the GUID (code) o the transmitter but thetransmitter learns and stores the type o receiver that it’s bound to. I the transmitter is placedinto bind mode, the transmitter looks or the binding protocol signal rom a receiver. I no signalis present, the transmitter no longer has the correct inormation to connect to a specicreceiver and in essence the transmitter has been “unbound” rom the receiver. We’ve hadseveral DX7 customers that use transmitter stands or trays that unknowingly depress thebind button and the system is then turned on losing the necessary inormation to allow theconnection to take place. We’ve also had DX7 customers that didn’t ully understand the rangetest process and pushed the bind button beore turning on the transmitter also causing thesystem to “lose its bind.”
Warranty Period
Exclusive Warranty- Horizon Hobby, Inc., (Horizon) warranties that the Products purchased (the “Product”)will be ree rom deects in materials and workmanship or a period o 1 year rom the date o purchase bythe Purchaser.
Limited Warranty
(a) This warranty is limited to the original Purchaser (“Purchaser”) and is not transerable. REPAIROR REPLACEMENT AS PROVIDED UNDER THIS WARRANTY IS THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY OF THEPURCHASER. This warranty covers only those Products purchased rom an authorized Horizon dealer.Third party transactions are not covered by this warranty. Proo o purchase is required or warranty claims.Further, Horizon reserves the right to change or modiy this warranty without notice and disclaims all otherwarranties, express or implied.(b) Limitations- HORIZON MAKES NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,ABOUT NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF THEPRODUCT. THE PURCHASER ACKNOWLEDGES THAT THEY ALONE HAVE DETERMINED THAT THEPRODUCT WILL SUITABLY MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE PURCHASER’S INTENDED USE.(c) Purchaser Remedy- Horizon’s sole obligation hereunder shall be that Horizon will, at its option, (i)repair or (ii) replace, any Product determined by Horizon to be deective. In the event o a deect, these arethe Purchaser’s exclusive remedies. Horizon reserves the right to inspect any and all equipment involvedin a warranty claim. Repair or replacement decisions are at the sole discretion o Horizon. This warrantydoes not cover cosmetic damage or damage due to acts o God, accident, misuse, abuse, negligence,commercial use, or modication o or to any part o the Product. This warranty does not cover damage dueto improper installation, operation, maintenance, or attempted repair by anyone other than Horizon. Returno any goods by Purchaser must be approved in writing by Horizon beore shipment.
Damage Limits
HORIZON SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, LOSS OFPROFITS OR PRODUCTION OR COMMERCIAL LOSS IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH THE PRODUCT,WHETHER SUCH CLAIM IS BASED IN CONTRACT, WARRANTY, NEGLIGENCE, OR STRICT LIABILITY.Further, in no event shall the liability o Horizon exceed the individual price o the Product on which liabilityis asserted. As Horizon has no control over use, setup, nal assembly, modication or misuse, no liabilityshall be assumed nor accepted or any resulting damage or injury. By the act o use, setup or assembly, theuser accepts all resulting liability.I you as the Purchaser or user are not prepared to accept the liability associated with the use o thisProduct, you are advised to return this Product immediately in new and unused condition to the place opurchase.Law: These Terms are governed by Illinois law (without regard to confict o law principals).
Safety Precautions
This is a sophisticated hobby Product and not a toy. It must be operated with caution and common senseand requires some basic mechanical ability. Failure to operate this Product in a sae and responsiblemanner could result in injury or damage to the Product or other property. This Product is not intendedor use by children without direct adult supervision. The Product manual contains instructions or saety,operation and maintenance. It is essential to read and ollow all the instructions and warnings in themanual, prior to assembly, setup or use, in order to operate correctly and avoid damage or injury.
Questions, Assistance, and Repairs
Your local hobby store and/or place o purchase cannot provide warranty support or repair. Once assembly,setup or use o the Product has been started, you must contact Horizon directly. This will enable Horizon tobetter answer your questions and service you in the event that you may need any assistance. For questionsor assistance, please direct your email to productsupport@horizonhobby.com, or call 877.504.0233 tollree to speak to the Product Support department.
Inspection or Repairs
I this Product needs to be inspected or repaired, please call or a Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA).Pack the Product securely using a shipping carton. Please note that original boxes may be included, butare not designed to withstand the rigors o shipping without additional protection. Ship via a carrier thatprovides tracking and insurance or lost or damaged parcels, as Horizon is not responsible or merchandiseuntil it arrives and is accepted at our acility. A Service Repair Request is available at www.horizonhobby.com on the “Support” tab. I you do not have internet access, please include a letter with your completename, street address, email address and phone number where you can be reached during business days,

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