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Table Of Contents

Abstract Group Theory
1.1 Group
1.2 Abelian Group
1.3 Subgroup
1.4 Examples
1.5. MULTIPLICATION TABLE 3
1.5 Multiplication Table
1.6 Cyclic Groups
1.7. ORDER OF AN ELEMENT 5
1.7 Order of an Element
1.8 Properties of Finite Groups
1.9 Cosets
1.10 Class
1.11. ISOMORPHISM AND HOMOMORPHISM 7
1.11 Isomorphism and Homomorphism
1.12 Invariant Subgroup
1.13 Direct Product Group
2.1 Definitions
2.2 Equivalent Representations
2.3 Reducible and Irreducible Represen-
2.4 Equivalent Unitary Representation
2.5 Schur’s Lemma
2.6. ORTHOGONALITY THEOREM 17
2.6 Orthogonality Theorem
2.7. THE CHARACTERS OF A REPRESENTATION 19
2.7 The Characters of a Representation
2.8 The Regular Representation
2.9 The Character Table
2.10 Properties of the Character Table
2.11 Class Multiplication
2.12 Direct Product Groups
2.13 Examples
3.1 Linear Vector Space
3.2. SYMMETRY TRANSFORMATIONS 35
3.2 Symmetry Transformations
3.3. INVARIANT SUBSPACE AND ITS GENERATION 37
3.3 Invariant Subspace and Its Genera-
3.4 Basis Functions for a Representation
3.5 Projection Operators
3.6. ORTHOGONALITY OF BASIS FUNCTIONS 41
3.6 Orthogonality of Basis Functions
3.7 Examples
3.8 Relationship to Quantum Mechanics
3.8.1 The Group of the Schr¨odinger Equation
3.8.2 Degeneracy and Invariant Subspace
3.8.3 Partial Diagonalisation of ˆ
3.9 Irreducible Sets of Operators
3.10. DIRECT PRODUCT REPRESENTATIONS OF A GROUP 51
3.10 Direct Product Representations of a
3.11 Clebsch-Gordan Coefficients
3.12 The Wigner-Eckart Theorem
3.13 Applications
3.14 Examples
Lie Groups
4.1 Definitions
4.2 Infinitesimal Operators
4.3 Lie Algebra
4.4 Casimir Operators
4.5 Ladder Operators and Multiplets
4.6. SUMMATION OVER GROUP ELEMENTS 71
4.6 Summation over group elements
4.7 Rotation Group R3
4.7.1 Infinitesimal operators
4.7.2 Commutation Relations
4.7.3 Casimir Operator
4.8 Irreducible Representations of R3
4.9 Characters of R3
4.11 Clebsch-Gordan Coefficients
4.12 Spherical Harmonics
Atomic Physics
5.2.1 Configuration and Term
5.2.2 Ladder Operator Method
5.2.3 Projection Operator Method
5.2.4 Term Energies
6.1 The Group SU2
6.2. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SU2 AND R3 107
6.2 Relationship between SU2 and R3
6.3 SU2 in Nuclei
6.4 Tensor Operators
The Point Groups
7.1 Crystal Symmetry
7.2 Schoenflies Notation
7.3 Commuting Operations
7.4. ENUMERATION OF POINT GROUPS 115
7.4 Enumeration of Point Groups
7.5 Improper Point Groups
7.6 Double-Group Representations
7.7 Space Group
The Group SU3
8.1 Infinitesimal Operators and Lie Alge-
8.2 Subgroups
8.3 Multiplet Structure
8.4 Example
8.5 Product Representations
8.6 SU3 Multiplets and Hadrons
8.7 Casimir Operators
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Group Theory

Group Theory

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Published by: himanshu4u84 on Jan 01, 2011
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