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Launching of SHIP

Launching of SHIP

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Published by Aakash Jain

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Published by: Aakash Jain on Jan 01, 2011
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07/02/2012

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Launching of SHIP
Methods of launch
There are three principal methods of conveying a new ship from building site to water, only twoof which are called "launching." The oldest, most familiar, and most widely used is the end-onlaunch, in which the vessel slides, usually stern first, down an inclined slipway. The side launch,whereby the ship enters the water broadside, came into 19th-century use on inland waters, rivers,and lakes, and was more widely adopted during World War II. The third method is float-out,used for ships that are built in basins or drydocks and then floated by admitting water into thedock.
Slipwa
A
slipway
,
boat slip
or just a
slip
, is a ramp on the shore by which ships or boats can be movedto and from the water. They are used for building and repairing ships and boats. They are alsoused for launching and retrieving small boats on trailers and flying boats on their undercarriage.The nautical term
ways
is an alternative name for slipway. A ship undergoing construction in ashipyard is said to be
on the ways
. If a ship were scrapped there, she is said to be
broken up inthe ways
.As the word "slip" implies, in theory the ships or boats are moved over the ramp, standing on asledge, with help of grease. Slipways are used to launch (newly built) large ships, but can onlydry-dock or repair smaller ships. Pulling large ships against the greased ramp would require toomuch force. For dry-docking large ships, one must use carriages supported by wheels or byroller-pallets. These types of dry-docking installations are called "marine railways". Neverthelessthe words "slip" and "slipway" are also used for all dry-docking installations that use a ramp.
Simple slipways
In its simplest form, a slipway is a plain ramp, typically made of concrete, steel, stone or evenwood. The height of the tide can limit the usability of a slip: unless the ramp continues well
 
 below the low water level it may not be usable at low tide. Normally there is a flat paved area onthe landward end.When used for building and repairing boats or small ships (i.e. ships of no more than about 300tons), the vessel is moved on a wheeled carriage, which is run down the ramp until the vessel canfloat on or off the carriage. Such slipways are used for repair as well as for putting newly builtvessels in the water.When used for launching and retrieving small boats, the trailer is placed in the water. The boatmay be either floated on and off the trailer or pulled off. When recovering the boat from thewater, it is winched back up the trailer.
Lifeboat slipways
Swanage lifeboat being winched back up its slipway after a launch.Slipways in the harbour of South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England

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