Launching of SHIP
Methods of launch
There are three principal methods of conveying a new ship from building site to water, only twoof which are called "launching." The oldest, most familiar, and most widely used is the end-onlaunch, in which the vessel slides, usually stern first, down an inclined slipway. The side launch,whereby the ship enters the water broadside, came into 19th-century use on inland waters, rivers,and lakes, and was more widely adopted during World War II. The third method is float-out,used for ships that are built in basins or drydocks and then floated by admitting water into thedock.
or just a
, is a ramp on the shore by which ships or boats can be movedto and from the water. They are used for building and repairing ships and boats. They are alsoused for launching and retrieving small boats on trailers and flying boats on their undercarriage.The nautical term
is an alternative name for slipway. A ship undergoing construction in ashipyard is said to be
on the ways
. If a ship were scrapped there, she is said to be
broken up inthe ways
.As the word "slip" implies, in theory the ships or boats are moved over the ramp, standing on asledge, with help of grease. Slipways are used to launch (newly built) large ships, but can onlydry-dock or repair smaller ships. Pulling large ships against the greased ramp would require toomuch force. For dry-docking large ships, one must use carriages supported by wheels or byroller-pallets. These types of dry-docking installations are called "marine railways". Neverthelessthe words "slip" and "slipway" are also used for all dry-docking installations that use a ramp.
In its simplest form, a slipway is a plain ramp, typically made of concrete, steel, stone or evenwood. The height of the tide can limit the usability of a slip: unless the ramp continues well