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Declining Ramp Theory - Pyramid Construction (incl. raising granite theory)

Declining Ramp Theory - Pyramid Construction (incl. raising granite theory)

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Published by Aymsmail
Declining Ramp Theory - Preliminary study.
including theory on raising granite and providing a practical use for the "air-shafts".
Very interesting study with very practical ideas - very accurate theory, most advanced hypothesis on the subject.
Great read!
Declining Ramp Theory - Preliminary study.
including theory on raising granite and providing a practical use for the "air-shafts".
Very interesting study with very practical ideas - very accurate theory, most advanced hypothesis on the subject.
Great read!

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Aymsmail on Jan 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/09/2012

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THE DECLINING RAMP THEORYMORTUARY COMPLEX - RAISING GRANITE THEORYCONSTRUCTION OF THE GREAT PYRAMID
 By Aymen Ibrahim
1.
 
Overview……………………………………………………………………..Page 12.
 
Background…………………………………………………………………..Page 33.
 
Geology – area makeup……………………………………………………...Page 44.
 
Pyramid and Building site…………………………………………………...Page 105.
 
DECLINING RAMP THEORY……………………………………………..Page 10i.
 
Preparationii.
 
Construction of declining rampsiii.
 
part two, flat to inclining ramp6.
 
Kings Chamber and granite Blocks………………………………………… Page 197.
 
Mortuary complex - Raising Granite………………………….……………..Page 208.
 
Nile valley canal stream way and delivery of materials……………………..page 24i. Nile harbour waterwayPreliminary study by Aymen Ibrahim, London, 2010 -Aymsmail@ymail.com.Contact for discussion, additional information and defined material.
OVERVIEW
Using geographical and geomorphilogical observations of local environments, in relation tothe construction of the great pyramid. This research composes a Complete preliminary studyproposing a: i) Declining ramp theory, ii). Raising granite - Mortuary temple theory. iii) Useof “air-shafts” theory.With results correlated with those of former studies, demonstrating the existence of naturalhills and rocky formations used for quarrying and to build declining ramps for thetransportation of materials to the maximum height of upto 50 meters (1/3
rd
), 33% of the totalheight and respectively a maximum volume of 82% of total building substance > Toeventually flat, leading to a slight angle of incline of 3 degrees to construct upto 70-75meters (1/2), 50 % of the total height.
 
This study and model is based on, composes & represents work, which would have beenmechanically feasible with means at the disposal of the ancient builders. Based on humanpower including what is relatively mathematically possible and within human capabilities, toconstruct the cyclopean structure within 20 years. This paper shows:1.
 
The use of a declining ramp to build a minimum of 50 meters total height, andcomplete the majority, over 80%, of the total building substance. Providing aworking model to achieve the raising of the large granite blocks up to a maximum of 65 meters, 46% of the pyramids total height. Also showing a practical use of the “
air-
shafts”.2.
 
The nature and organization of the sedimentary levels making up the original plateaucorrelating with the declining ramp, outcropped from the local Mokattam formation3.
 
To show the ability to use quarries at higher levels than once thought, for the bulk of the Pyramids core blocks.4.
 
To clearly demonstrate the geological difference at the Giza plateau, and the pre-existence of a wider and larger natural rock formation of the Mokattam formation tothe west of the Giza plateau, and show the pyramids in the context of their setting.5.
 
To demonstrate the morphology of these worked rock hills where they are clearlyvisible. And map the outcrops of natural stone of the Mokattam formation andpropose a model of size and morphology for the original hills as worked for theconstruction of the construction of the great pyramid.As direct access to the inner parts of the monument is not possible, and as the ancients left noclear account of the construction, this work focuses on:External observations and measurements. Petrological, sedimentary and structural
 
characteristics of local geological formations were studied using detailed field observationand dip measurements, and correlated with the geomorphology and topography of the sites.These observations were cross-referenced with an amalgamation of literature on Egyptianlimestone formations and quarries, and from this general conclusions were made regardinglimestone provenance.Study of the monument itself relied principally on detailed visual observation,photographs and photomontages. In order to propose a model for the morphology of the rockoutcrops, the results have been correlated with earlier geological and architectural studies of the geology of the monument. Inspection of artefacts and connecting them with conceivablehuman engineering capabilities. With the geology of Giza and demographics of the quarriesand materials used, this study concludes the following from these observations.
BACKGROUND
The declining ramp theory (DRT) concentrates on the main bulk of stones used to build thegreat pyramid. The stones used for Khufu's pyramid are a gray-yellow colored nummulitelimestone and belongs to the local Mokattam formation.We know by actual measurement the size and weight of the blocks of stone commonlyemployed at this time, as well as the methods of quarrying them and the location of at leastsome of the quarries.There were many Quarries for many different types of stones, which are mainly locatedalong the Nile. Quarries for Limestone, sandstone, granite, alabastar, basalt, gneiss, quartzite,greywacke, copper, lead, iron and gold.Most stones were transported on barges down the NileA few of the main ones are:LIMESTONE, used for the stone blocks were quarried locally in the Giza quarries.ROSE GRANITE used in the king’s chamber was quarried and brought in from the Aswanquarries over 900km away. Weighing approx. 50 tonsWHITE LIMESTONE for the casing was quarried about 15km away at the Tura quarriesAll figures are approx:A total of over 2,300,000 (or only 590,712)* blocks of limestone and granite were used in itsconstruction with the average block weighing 2.5 tons and none weighing less than 2 tons.The large blocks used in the ceiling of the King's Chamber weigh as much as 50 tons.Construction date (Estimated): 2589 B.C.Construction time (Estimated): 20 years.Total weight (Estimated): 6.5 million tons.

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the main part of the theory starts on page 10
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wow - great theory, best one yet i think
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