Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Soviet Soyuz Spacecraft

Soviet Soyuz Spacecraft

Ratings: (0)|Views: 167|Likes:
Published by Bob Andrepont
Translation of a Soviet article on Soyuz.
Translation of a Soviet article on Soyuz.

More info:

Published by: Bob Andrepont on Jan 02, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/23/2012

pdf

text

original

 
NASATECHNICALTRANSLATIONSOVIET
"SOYUZ"
SPACECRAFTTranslation
of
"Sovetskiye
kosmicheskiyekorabli
"Soyuz",
Academy
of
SciencesUSSR,Leningrad,
"Nauka"
Press,
1971,
8
pages.
(NASA-TT-F-14104)SOVIET""SOYUZ''
SPACECRAFT
(Translation
Corlsultants,Ltd.)Jan.
1972
14
p
CSCL22C
t-
<
(NASA
CR
OR
TMX
OR
ADNUMBER)
G3/3
1
(CODE)
(CATERY)
N72-1577
8
Unclas
12691
I
NATIONALAERONAUTICS
AND
SPACEADMINISTRATioNWASHINGTON,
D.C.
20546
JAUNARY
1972
NASATTF-14,104
 
NASA
TT
F-14104
SOVIET
"SOYUZ"
SPACECRAFT
ABSTRACT.The
"Soyuz"
program
is
discussedfrom
the
initi-
ation through
eightlaunchings,including
the
building
ofthe
world's
first experimentalspace
station.
It is
anti-
cipated
that
"Soyuz"
will,
orcould
be,
the basisforfuture
developments
in
the
field
of
permanent
spacestations.TheSoviet Union
is
carrying
on
a
program
of
investigation
and
useof space
/2
in
the
interests
of
science,and
of
ournationaleconomy.This
program
envisages
a
combination
of
different
vehicles:
artificialearthsatellites;automaticinterplanetary
stations;
manned
scientific
and
technicallaboratories.
One of
the
main
thrusts
of the
Sovietspace
program
is
to
build
permanentorbitalstations that will
make
it
possible
to
answer
many
of
the
cardinal
ques-
tions
of
physics,
geophysics,
astrophysics,
and,
simultaneously,
to
use
space
for
man's
practical
needs.Stationssuch
as
these will helpuse
the
earth'sriches moreintelligently,
and
willraise
the
development
of geology,
meteorol-
ogy,
agriculture,
forestry,
maritime
fishing,
geodesy,and
oceanographic
toa
new
level.
These
stations will
play
an
importantrole
in
flights
tothe
plan-
ets
in
the
solar
system,in the
mastering
of
remote
space.
Soviet
scientists
and
designers,
havingsystematicallymastered
space,
severalyears
ago
beganbuilding
new,
manned,
multipurpose
spacecraft,
the"Soyuz"
spacecraft.
"Soyuz"
spacecraftwill
be able
to
carry outcomplexinvestigations
of
near
space
and
to
work
on
the
assembly
of
orbitalstations. Theuse
of
the same
spacecraftfor
different
purposeswill
make
the
building
of
new
orbital
space
systems easierandcheaper.The
principaltask
of the
"Soyuz"
program
is
to
use
the
alreadydeveloped
"base
spacecraft"
as
thebasis
for
assembling
theorbital
station,
and
organiz-
1
*
Numbers
in
the
margin
indicate
pagination
in the
foreign
text.
 
ing its
supply
and
investigation
f
space.
The
work
on
the"Soyuz"
space
program
also
is
directed
at
long-term
study
of
near
space.
Included
among
the
program's
scientifictasks
are:
detailedinvestigations
f
the
earth,
and of
its
atmosphere,for
a
more successful study of
questionsconcerned with
radiophysics,geophysics,
and
space navigation;study
of
questions
concernedwith
the
use,
forscientific
and
practical
purposes, of
the
conditions
prevailing
in
near
space
(high
vacuum,weightlessness,radiation);extra-atmosphere
observations
of
the
sun,
stars,and
planets
and
theirsatellites.
The
ability
of
the
"Soyuz"
spacecraft
to
control
its
movements
in space,
to
approach
other
space
vehicles,and
to
maneuver
in the immediate
vicinity
of
them,
is
highly
important
for
the
building
ofscientific spacestations
from
several
self-containedsections
placed
in
orbit.
The
"Soyuz"
spacecraft
(Figure
1)
consistsofthe
cosmonauts'
capsule,that
is,
of
therecoverable vehicle,the orbitalcompartment,
the
servicemodule,and
the
docking
unit.
Thecosmonauts'
capsule,the
recoverable
vehicle,
is
designed
to
carry
a
crew
into orbit,
execute
maneuvers
in
orbit,and
return
to
earth.
The
temper-ature
in the
capsule
at
the
timeoflanding
is
between
25
and
30
0
C,
thanks
to
/3the
heat-protectivecovering
and
the
heat-insulated
internal
layer.
The
capsulecontains
the
couches
for
the
cosmonauts,
the
equipment
and
accessories
for
the
spacecraftcontrol
systems,
communications,and life-support.
Containers
holdthe
main
and the
reserve
parachute
systems.The spacecraft'scontrolpanel
is
installedin front of
the
central
couch.
Thepanel carries
the
instrumentsrequired
to
monitor
the
operationsof
the
systems
and
units
installed
inthespacecraft,
the
navigation
equipment,
the
television
screen, and the
switchesforcontrolling
the
on-boardsystems.
There
is,
in
addition, an
auxiliary
panel
for
medical monitoring
of
the
condition
of
cosmonauts
whenthey
are
2

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->