The Morning (DAY) Star in Isaiah 14:12
The Book of Isaiah has the following passage:When the Lord has given you rest from your pain and turmoil and the hardservice with which you were made to serve, you will take up this taunt againstthe king of Babylon: How the oppressor has ceased! How his insolence hasceased! …
How you are
fallen from heaven,
O Day Star, son of Dawn!
How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nation s low! You said in your heart,
"I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne
above the stars of God;
I will sit on the mount of congregation on the heights of Zaphon; I will ascend to the tops o f the clou ds,
But you are brought down to Sheol, to thedepths of the Pit. Those who see you will stare at you, and ponder over you: "Isthis the man who made the earth tremble, who shook kingdoms, who made theworld like a desert and overthrew its cities, who would not let his prisoners gohome?Another old popular Canaanite story in which morning star
tried to rise high above the clouds and establish himself on the mountain where the gods assembled, in the far north, but was cast down into the underworld.
"O Day Star, son of Dawn"
in the NSRV translation given abovecorresponds to the Hebrew phrase "
in verse 12, meaning
"morning star, son of dawn".As the Latin poets personiﬁed
as well as the
Sun and the Moon and other heavenly bodies,
so in Canaanite mythology
Morning Star and Dawn
were picturedas two deities, the former being the son of the latter.In the Latin Vulgate, Jerome translated "
(morning star, son ofdawn)
(morning star that used to rise early).
Already, as early as the Christian writers Tertullian and Origen,the wholepassage had come to be applied to Satan. Satan began to be referred to as"Lucifer" (Morning Star), and ﬁnally the word "Lucifer" was treated as a propername. The use of the word "Lucifer" in the 1611 King James Version instead ofa word such as "Daystar" ensured its continued popularity among Englishspeakers.