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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Thesis Introduction
1.2 Basic aim of the thesis
1.3 Steam Piping Network
1.4 Thesis Organization
2 Theoretical Background of Piping System
2.1 Historical background of the piping system
2.2 Piping Terminologies
2.2.1 Pipe
2.2.2 Types of pipes and its uses
2.2.3 Pipe Size
2.2.4 Nominal Pipe Size (NPS)
2.2.5 Piping
2.2.6 Piping System
2.2.7 Process Piping
2.2.8 Service Piping
2.3 Pipe Fittings
2.3.1 Valves
2.3.2 Expansion Fittings
2.4 Supports
Figure 2-3 Anchor Support [3]
Figure 2-4 Hanger Support [3]
Figure 2-6 Spring support [1]
Figure 2-7 Snubber support [3]
3 Piping Codes and Standards
3.1 Piping Code Development
3.2 B31.1 Power Piping
3.3 ASME Code Requirements
3.3.1 Stresses due to sustained loadings
3.3.2 Stress due to occasional loadings
3.3.3 Stresses due to thermal loadings
3.4 Stress analysis of piping system
3.4.1 Stress and Strain
3.4.2 Failure Theories
3.4.3 Piping Design Criteria
Table 3-1 Primary stresses of pipes
Table 3-2 Secondary stresses of pipes
4 Piping Design Procedures
4.1 Process Design
4.2 Piping Structural Design
4.2.1 Pipe Thickness Calculations
4.2.2 Allowable Working Pressure
4.2.3 Sustained Load Calculations
4.2.4 Wind Load Calculations
4.2.5 Thermal Loads Calculations
4.2.6 Occasional Loads
4.2.7 Seismic Loads
4.3 Pipe Span Calculations
4.3.1 Span Limitations
4.3.2 Expansion Loop Calculations
5 Support Design
5.1 Beam Design
5.1.1 Bending Stress
5.1.2 Shear Stress
5.1.3 Deflection
5.2 Column
Table 5-1 Limitation of column slenderness ratio [7]
5.3 Base Plate
5.4 Base Plate Bolts
6 Pipe Design Calculations
6.1 Design Parameters
6.2 Physical Properties
6.3 Design Calculations
6.3.1 Pipe Thickness Calculations
Table 6-3 Input Parameters used in pipe thickness calculation
6.3.2 Allowable Working Pressure
Table 6-5 Input data
Table 6-6 Design and working Pressure
6.3.3 Wind load Calculations
6.3.4 Dead Loads Calculation
6.3.5 Pipe Span Calculations (based on limitation stress)
6.3.6 Calculation for Supports based on Standard Spacing
Table 6-10 Spacing based on standard spacing
6.3.7 Thermal Expansion (deflection)
6.3.8 Expansion Loops Calculations
Table 6-12 Sizing of expansion loops
6.3.9 Impact Loading on Bends
Figure 6-1 Forces on the bend by the fluid
Table 6-13 Input Data
6.3.10 Normal Impact Load on elbow
Table 6-14 Input data
7 Thermal Calculations
Figure 7-1 Header Pipe including an expansion loop
7.1 Thermal Analysis
Table 7-1 Input Data
Figure 7-2 Header Pipe Sections
Table 7-2 For main line magnitude of expansion and directions
Table 7-3 Vertical section magnitude of expansion and direction
Table 7-4 Summary of all Loads due to Thermal expansion
7.2 Verification from Code
Table 7-5 Input data
7.3 Static Loads Calculations
7.3.1 Manual Calculations
Figure 7-3 Symmetry of header pipe considering as a beam
Figure 7-4 Segment A-B
7.5.2 Seismic Lateral load
7.5.3 Verification from Code
Table 7-8 input data
8 Support Design Calculations
8.1 Design Parameters
8.2 Beam Design
Table 8-2 Properties of the channel beam [7]
8.3 Beam Analysis
8.3.1 Manual Analysis
Figure 8-2 Double Cantilever beam
8.3.2 ANSYS Analysis
Figure 8-4 Bending Moment diagram of the beam (lb-in)
Table 8-3 Comparison of analysis for beam
8.4 Column Design
Figure 8-6 Loads on column of the support
Table 8-4 Specifications of column [7]
8.4.1 Verification for Critical Load
8.4.2 Verification for Stresses
8.4.3 Manual Analysis
Table 8-5 Input data
Table 8-6 Input data
8.4.4 ANSYS Analysis
Figure 8-7 Meshed and loaded column
Figure 8-9 Stress distribution in column (psi)
8.4.5 Comparison of Analysis
8.5 Base Plate Design
Figure 8-11 Pressure diagram
8.5.4 Specifications of base plate
8.5.5 Bolt specifications
9 Complete System Modeling
9.1 Pro-E Modeling
9.2.1 Results and Discussion
10 Conclusions
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Design of Steam Piping System Including Stress Analysis

Design of Steam Piping System Including Stress Analysis

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Published by: saravootj on Jan 02, 2011
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