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The Second Orbital Flight

The Second Orbital Flight

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Published by Bob Andrepont
Translation of a Soviet article on the Soyuz 9 flight.
Translation of a Soviet article on the Soyuz 9 flight.

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Jan 02, 2011
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09/14/2011

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NASA TECHNICAL TRANSLATION NASA
TT
F-15,076
THESECOND ORBITAL FLIGHT
A.
NikolayevTranslation
of "Vo
Vtorom Orbital"nom,"
Aviatsiya
i Kosmonavtika, No. 7, July 1973, pp. 32-34.NATIONAL
AERONAUTICS AND SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
WASHINGTON,
D.C.
20546
SEPTEMBER 1973
 
NASA
TT
F-15,076
THE
SECOND ORBITAL FLIGHTA. Nikolayev
1
Thus, eight years following my flight aboard the "Vostok-3" spacecraft, /32*
I
was
once again
to
have
a
meeting with space.
The
long
awaited
day of thelaunching
of the
"Soyuz-9"
spacecraft
1
June 1970
differed
in no
particularway from any other day. Get up at nine in the morning, then the medicalexamination, thenashort work-out before breakfast.
Between
breakfast and lunch we once again examined the voluminous — 500
pages
spacecraft logs
they contain
the
upcoming
18
days
of
flight scheduled
by
the hours and by the minutes. We repeat the sequence of the prelaunchsystems check
in the
equipment
of the
spacecraft,
"playing out"
in
thoughtone of the most complex stages of the flight — bringing the spacecraft
into
orbit.Accordingto theorderof theday, following lunch,arest periodis
planned
and we lie down to sleep.
Vitally,
obviously, has no objection to"expanding this part
of the
program"
and,
in any
case, after
the
established
two
andone-half hoursthealarm
bell
of thealarm clock rings,butproducesno particular impression on him. One is forced to assist the alarm clock.
And
the
doctors
are
already waiting
for us.
They generously equip
us
with sensorsandelectrodesandrecordtheoriginal physiological indices,inorder later to compare them with our post-flight condition.
Finally
this procedure is concluded and we climb into our spacesuits andreceive
our
identification cards
as
pilot
cosmonauts
of the
USSR.Night. But on the launching pad it is as bright as day. Particularlyeffective in appearance is the snow-white beautiful rocket pointed into theGeneral,
Air
Force,
Pilot-Cosmonaut
of the
USSR, twice hero
of the
Soviet Union.*Numbers in the margin indicate pagination of the foreign text.
 
dark
sky and
illuminated
by the
powerful rays
of
searchlights.
Not far
away
are
many people: scientists,
cosmonaut*%raining
supervisors, ground service
special]sts.
Saying farewell
to our
friends
and
back-ups,
Vitally
and I
walk away from
the
bus and
toward
the
Chairman
of the
State Commission."Comrade Chairman of the State Commission," I report, "the crew of the'Soyuz-9' spacecraft
is
ready
for
making
its
flight!"
In
August 1962, when the "Vostok-3" carried me up into orbit, and when
the
"Vostok-4" turned
up
directly adjacent
to me one day
later, piloted
by
Pavel
Popovich,
we
knew very
little
about space. However,
our
group flight
wasan
important step along
the
path
to
taking
two
spacecraft into orbit
a
short
distance
apart from each other, docking the spacecraft, and consequently, to
the
creation of an orbital space station.
Proportionalto the
increase
in
duration
of
spaceflights,
it has
become
clear
that there are going signs that weightlessness is far from such a harm-less thingas itseemed earlier.The
American cosmonaut, Cooper,
forexample,
followinghis 18 day
flight observed changes
in the
composition
of his
blood:
the
volume of the red blood cells underwent a 30% decrease, their mass decreased
by
20%,and theamountofplasma decreasedby 8%.
Following
the 14 day long flight, the American cosmonauts were observedto have a decreased amount of calcium in their bones, a decrease in tonus wasobserved,
as
well
as
dehydration
of the
organism
and
loss
in
weight...
And
now our 18 daylong flight, filled with scientific investigations,
tests
and experiments...How would space greet us this time, what surprises had weightlessness instore
for us?
Vitaliy
and I are sitting in the cockpit seats of
"Soyuz-9."
The seat belts
are tight, the
medical
sensors
are
hooked
up to the on-board
Telemetry
system,
bilateral
radio communications is established with
"Zarya"
(the
Earth).
Therocket
has
already been filled with
the
fuel components, however there
is
still

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