cultural and patriarchal values. The same values are sometimes somewhere translated intothe legal norms (OHCHR Fact Sheet, Welch, C. E. 2009:100). Kavin Baily argues that despite legal abolishment, sexual slavery thrives in the new globaleconomy aligned with the mechanics of violence. For instance, young girls are commoditizedin the international spots of tourism and several metropolitan capitals of the world, at timeswith parental consent. Far worse than the old slavery, victim women are marketed anddisposed off quite quickly given their age and sexual utility. Investors from various countriesare very active in this quick-to-start, low-investment, high-return business usually run incollusion with the police and high officials. Severely beaten up to submission, they arecoerced or raped to elicit consent for sexual slavery. In turn the victims receive nothing savea bare minimum food and a place to squeeze in. Around 27 million people are damned toslavery or live in slave like conditions even today (Bailey, K. 1999). The Slavery Convention 1926 defines it as
“the status or condition of a person over whomany or all of the powers of ownership are exercised (OHCHR).”
It failed to include bonded or farm labour, child sale, pornography, genital mutilation, sexual enslavement and forcedprostitution despite recommendations by certain members of the Slavery Commission.Thanks to the gender-sensitive efforts of ‘Anti Slavery’ (NGO), the SupplementaryCommission of 1956 however includes a host of practices defined as contemporary forms of slavery including sexual exploitation of underage children. Despite long recognition of suchpractices as new forms of slavery and outright human rights abuse, its abolition is provingdifficult and protracted because of the state collusion, social acceptability and underlyinginterests of patriarchal institutions. Feminists believe that gender equality and abrogation of culturally endorsed slavery-like practices alone can help eliminate new forms of slavery(Welch C.E. 2009:98-100).
Feminists Perspectives on Segregation:
Slavery and apartheid are squarely condemned but ironically, women’s subjugation andtruncated rights of property ownership, business management, involuntary veiling, workplacediscrimination, denying voting rights, confinement and even their lack of control over their own bodies are considered to be the cultural values (Fellmeth A. 2000: 695). With thecommencement of Taliban regime in Afghanistan (1996), as one of the worst example,women’s rights were the first causality. Their Right to schooling, work, voting and movementwere immediately suspended through enactment of such measures grossly illegal under theinternational law. More or less a similar situation exists in several other countries of thesouth (Verdirame. G. 2001: 4). Women’s disadvantageous position in the labour market is