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Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi - Vol 001

Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi - Vol 001

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Published by gandhikuhn
The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Electronic Book), New Delhi, Publications Division Government of India, 1999, 98 volumes
The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (Electronic Book), New Delhi, Publications Division Government of India, 1999, 98 volumes

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Published by: gandhikuhn on Jan 03, 2011
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VOL.1: 1884 - 30 NOVEMBER, 1896
1
1. A CONFESSION 
1
[
1884
]I wrote it on a slip of paper and handed it to him myself. In thisnote not only did I confess my guilt, but I asked adequate punishmentfor it, and closed with a request to him not to punish himself for myoffence. I also pledged myself never to steal in future.
2
 An Autobiography, Pt. I,
Ch. VIII
2. SPEECH AT ALFRED HIGH SCHOOL
 , RAJKOT 
3
 July 4, 1888
I hope that some of you will follow in my footsteps, and afteryou return from England you will work wholeheartedly for bigreforms in India.[From Gujarati]
Kethiawar Times, 12-7-1888
1
When Gandhiji was 15, he had removed a bit of gold from his brother’sarmlet to clear a small debt of the latter. He felt so mortified about his act that hedecided to make a confession to his father. Parental forgiveness was granted to him inthe form of silent tears. The incident left a lasting mark on his mind. In his ownwords, it was an object-lesson to him in the power of ahimsa.The original not being available; his own report of it, as found in
 An Autobiography,
is reproduced here.
2
According to
 Mahatma Gandhi : The Early Phase,
p. 212, one of the senten-ces in the confession was : “So, father, your son is now, in your eyes, no better than acommon thief.”
3
Gandhiji was given a send-off by his fellow-students of the Alfred HighSchool, Rajkot, when he was leaving for England to study for the Bar. In
 An Autobiography,
Pt. I, Ch. XI, he says : “I had written out a few words of thanks. But Icould scarcely stammer them out. I remember how my head reeled and how my wholeframe shook as I stood up to read them.”
 
2
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF MAHATMA GANDHI
3. LETTER TO LAKSHMIDAS GANDHI 
L
ONDON
,
Friday, November 9, 1888
RESPECTED BROTHER,
I am sorry that there has been no letter from you for the last twoor three weeks. Your silence is due perhaps to your not having heardfrom me. But it was impossible for me to post any letters before Ireached London. That you should not have written to me on thataccount is indeed surprising. As I am far from home we can meetonly through letters. And if I do not get letters I feel very muchworried. Therefore please drop a postcard every week without fail. Iwould not have been anxious if you did not have my address. But Iam sorry that you have stopped writing after having written to metwice. I joined the Inner Temple on Tuesday last. I will write in detailafter I hear from you next week. The cold here is now bitter but suchbad weather generally does not last long. In spite of the cold I have noneed of meat or liquor. This fills my heart with joy and thankfulness.I am now keeping very good health. Please give my respects tomother and sister-in-law.
Mahatma,
Vol. I; also from a photostat of the Gujarati
4. LONDON DIARY 
1
L
ONDON
,
 November, 12 1888
What led to the intention of proceeding to London? The sceneopens about the end of April. Before the intention of coming toLondon for the sake of study was actually formed, I had a secretdesign in my mind of coming here to satisfy my curiosity of knowingwhat London was. While I was prosecuting my college studies in
1
When his nephew and co-worker, Chhaganlal Gandhi, was proceeding for thefirst time to London in 1909, Gandhiji gave him his “London Diary” The diary filledabout 120 pages. Chhaganlal Gandhi gave it to Mahadev Desai in 1920. But, beforedoing so, he copied out in a notebook about 20 pages of the original. The remaining100 pages were not continuous writing, but merely a chronicle of incidents during hisstay in London from 1888 to 1891. The original being untraceable, Chhaganlal’scopy is reproduced here with minimum editing. Gandhiji wrote the diary in Englishwhen he was 19.
 
VOL.1: 1884 - 30 NOVEMBER, 1896
3Bhavnagar
1
, I had a chat with Jayshankar Buch. During the chat headvised me to apply to the Junagadh
2
State to give me a scholarship toproceed to London, I being an inhabitant of Sorath
3
. I do notperfectly remember the answer I made to him that day. I suppose Ifelt the impossibility of getting the scholarship. From that [time] I hadin my mind the intention of visiting the land. I was finding the meansto reach that end.On 13th April, 1888, I left Bhavnagar to enjoy the vacation inRajkot. After 15 days of vacation, my elder brother and I went to seePatwari. On our return my brother said : “We would go to see MavjiJoshi
4
“, and so we went. Mavji Joshi asked me as usual how I did.Then put some questions about my study in Bhavnagar. I plainly toldhim that I had hardly any chance of passing my examination firstyear. I also added that I found the course very difficult. Hearing this,he advised my brother to send me as soon as possible to London forbeing called to the Bar. He said the expense will be only Rs. 5,000.“Let him take some
urad dal
. There he will cook some food forhimself and thereby there will be no objection about religion. Don’treveal the matter to anybody. Try to get some scholarship. Apply toJunagadh and Porbandar States. See my son Kevalram
5
, and if you failin getting the pecuniary help and if you have no money, sell yourfurniture. But anyhow send Mohandas to London. I think that is theonly means to keep the reputation of your deceased father.” All of our family members have great faith in what Mavji Joshi says. Andmy brother who is naturally very credulous made a promise to MavjiJoshi to send me to London. Now was the time for my exertions.On that very day my brother, notwithstanding his promise tokeep the matter secret, told the thing to Khushalbhai
6
. He, of course,approved of it in case I could observe my religion. The very day itwas told to Meghjibhai
7
. He quite agreed with the proposal andoffered to give me Rs. 5,000. I had some faith in what he said. Andwhen the matter was disclosed to my dear mother, she reproached me
1
Former princely States in Gujarat
2
 
ibid 
3
A district in Saurashtra
4
Priest family friend and adviser of the Gandhi
5
Leading lawyer of Kathiwan.
6
Gandhiji’s cousin and father of Chhaganlal and Maganlal both of whomworked ‘with him in South Africa.
7
Gandhiji’s cousin

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