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EDGE HSPA and LTE Broadband Innovation Rysavy Sept 2008

EDGE HSPA and LTE Broadband Innovation Rysavy Sept 2008

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 EDGE, HSPA, LTE: Broadband Innovation Page 2
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................... 3
 
BROADBAND DEVELOPMENTS ................................................................................ 5
 
WIRELESS DATA MARKET ....................................................................................... 8
 
Trends ................................................................................................................ 9
 
EDGE/HSPA/HSPA+ Deployment ........................................................................... 13
 
Statistics ........................................................................................................... 13
 
WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION AND MIGRATION ....................................... 15
 
Technical Approaches (TDMA, CDMA, OFDMA) ........................................................ 15
 
3GPP Evolutionary Approach ................................................................................ 17
 
Spectrum .......................................................................................................... 20
 
Core-Network Evolution ....................................................................................... 22
 
Service Evolution ................................................................................................ 23
 
Broadband-Wireless Deployment Considerations ..................................................... 24
 
Feature and Network Roadmap ............................................................................. 25
 
COMPETING TECHNOLOGIES ................................................................................ 29
 
CDMA2000 ........................................................................................................ 29
 
WiMAX .............................................................................................................. 32
 
IEEE 802.20....................................................................................................... 35
 
Wi-Fi and Municipal Wi-Fi Systems ........................................................................ 35
 
COMPARISON OF WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES ....................................................... 36
 
Data Throughput ................................................................................................ 36
 
HSDPA Throughput in Representative Scenarios ...................................................... 40
 
Release 99 and HSUPA Uplink Performance ............................................................ 41
 
LTE Throughput .................................................................................................. 42
 
Latency ............................................................................................................. 43
 
Spectral Efficiency .............................................................................................. 44
 
Cost, Volume and Market Comparison ................................................................... 52
 
Competitive Summary ......................................................................................... 54
 
CONCLUSION........................................................................................................ 56
 
APPENDIX: TECHNOLOGY DETAILS ...................................................................... 58
 
EDGE ................................................................................................................ 58
 
Evolved EDGE .................................................................................................... 62
 
UMTS/HSPA Technology ...................................................................................... 70
 
UMTS Release 99 Data Capabilities........................................................................ 72
 
HSDPA .............................................................................................................. 73
 
HSUPA .............................................................................................................. 76
 
Evolution of HSPA (HSPA+) .................................................................................. 78
 
HSPA Voice Support ............................................................................................ 84
 
3GPP LTE .......................................................................................................... 86
 
4G, IMT-Advanced and LTE Advanced .................................................................... 89
 
UMTS TDD ......................................................................................................... 90
 
TD-SCDMA ........................................................................................................ 91
 
IMS .................................................................................................................. 91
 
Broadcast/Multicast Services ................................................................................ 93
 
EPC/SAE............................................................................................................ 94
 
ACRONYMS ........................................................................................................... 96
 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION .............................................................................. 100
 
REFERENCES ...................................................................................................... 100
 
 
 EDGE, HSPA, LTE: Broadband Innovation Page 3
Introduction
Through constant innovation, Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) withHigh Speed Packet Access (HSPA) technology and its evolution to beyond third generation(3G) has established itself as
the
global, mobile-broadband solution. Building on thephenomenal success of Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), the GSM/UMTSecosystem is becoming the most successful communications technology family ever.Through a process of constant improvement, the GSM family of technologies has not onlymatched or exceeded the capabilities of all competing approaches, but has significantlyextended the life of each of its member technologies.UMTS/HSPA, in particular, has many key technical and business advantages over othermobile wireless technologies. Operators worldwide are now deploying both High SpeedDownlink Packet Access (HSDPA) and High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA), thecombination of the two technologies called simply HSPA. HSPA is one of the most powerfulcellular-data technologies ever developed. HSPA, already widely available, follows thesuccessful deployment of UMTS networks around the world and is now a standard feature.Any operator deploying UMTS today is doing so with HSPA. The UMTS-to-HSPA upgrade issimilar to Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE), which has already proven to be aremarkably effective upgrade to GSM networks, and HSPA (or HSDPA for some networks) isnow supported by an overwhelming number of operators and vendors worldwide.HSPA is strongly positioned to be the dominant mobile-data technology for the rest of thedecade. To leverage operator investments in HSPA, the 3GPP (Third Generation PartnershipProject) standards body has developed a series of enhancements to create “HSPAEvolution,” also referred to as “HSPA+.” HSPA Evolution represents a logical development of the Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) approach, and it is the stepping stoneto an entirely new Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) radio platform called 3GPPLong Term Evolution (LTE). LTE, which uses Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access(OFDMA), should be ready for deployment in the 2010 timeframe. Simultaneously, 3GPP —recognizing the significant worldwide investments in GSM networks—has definedenhancements that will significantly increase EDGE data capabilities through an effort calledEvolved EDGE.Combined with these improvements in radio-access technology, 3GPP has also spearheadedthe development of major core-network architecture enhancements such as the IPMultimedia Subsystem (IMS) and the Evolved Packet Core (or EPC, previously called SystemArchitecture Evolution or SAE), as well as developments in Fixed Mobile Convergence (FMC).These developments will facilitate new types of services, the integration of legacy and newnetworks, the convergence between fixed and wireless systems, and the transition fromcircuit-switched approaches for voice traffic to a fully packet-switched model.The result is a balanced portfolio of complementary technologies that covers both radio-access and core networks, provides operators maximum flexibility in how they enhance theirnetworks over time, and supports both voice and data services.This paper discusses the evolution of EDGE, HSPA enhancements, 3GPP LTE, the capabilitiesof these technologies, and their position relative to other primary competing technologies.The following are some of the important observations and conclusions of this paper:
 
Persistent innovation created EDGE, which was a significant advance over GPRS;HSPA and HSPA+, which are bringing UMTS to its full potential; and is now deliveringLTE, the most powerful, wide-area wireless technology ever developed.

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