CHAPTER -IHISTORY AND PRESENT PROFILE OF INDIA POST
1:1 Historically, the postal service is known for its high standards of efficiency. TheRoman boasted their postal system, curses publicans, could deliver messageover distances upto 170 miles in 24 hours! Post Office is the only institution in thecountry touching every person's life.1:1:2 In the late sixth century B.C., Confucius is quoted to have said, "The influence ofthe righteous travels faster than a royal edict by post-station service."1:1:3 While tracing out the History of Indian Post, a regular Postal Service in India wasestablished by the East India Company in 1766. It was, however run by PrivateAgencies. The East India Company, by an Act No. XVII of 1837, nationalised thePostal Services and brought it under the monopoly of the Government.Thereafter, in 1854, separate Postal Department was established and the FirstPostage Stamp was introduced. The First Railway Mail Service was establishedin 1863. First Sorting Section was between Allahabad and Kanpur.1:1:4 Thus, the Postal Department is one of the oldest departmentally run PublicService departments of the Government of India. Its legislative basis is theIndian Post Office Act, 1898. The Department of Posts is committed to fulfil theuniversal services obligation in terms of providing basic postal servicesthroughout the country, irrespective of terrain at an affordable price.1:1:5 The postal system in this country can truly be regarded as indispensable forsocial development and commitment of the country. Our Late Prime Minister SriPandit Jawaharlal Nehru said "
Among the necessary things, good or bad, that the Modern World had produced, only the postal system which covers the world is one of its most beneficent activities. The postal system is a necessary and important public institution. It is one of the public institutions which are most intimately bound up with the human relations than other Government departments; for it deals with messages, helps to connect people and makes communication between human beings possible at all levels through the letters."