1.Jonathan Scott, “Before the White Race Was Invented” (1998)2.Bob Wing, Crossing Race and Nationality: The Racial Formationof Asian Americans 1852-1965 (2005)3.Elizabeth Martinez and Enriqueta Longeaux y Vasquez, “Viva LaRaza, Raza, Raza...” (1974)4.Arnoldo Garcia, “Toward a Left without Borders: The Story of theCenter for Autonomous Social Action-General Brotherhood of Workers” (2002)5.Mike Davis, “Buscando America” from
Magical Urbanism: LatinosReinvent the US City
(2000)6.René Francisco Poitevin, “Latinos and David Roediger’s
Jonathan Scott, “Before the White Race WasInvented”
THERE ARE FOUR main theses advanced by Theodore Allen in his two-volume history of racial oppression,
The Invention of the White Race
. The burden of his study is to show:(1)that racial oppression is a “sociogenic” rather than a“phylogenic” phenomenon;(2)how the introduction of racial oppression was a deliberate ruling-class decision;(3)the way in which the propertyless classes in continental Anglo-American and United States society have been recruited into the“intermediate buffer control stratum” (the so-called “middleclass”) through anomalous white-skin privileges; and(4)the nature of class society under the capitalist mode of production.As far as his first thesis, there is no item of American “common sense”more popular than the idea that race is the same as “phenotype” orskin color. From white racist conceptions of athleticism -- that AfricanAmericans dominate certain sports because of distinctively “black”features and attributes -- to the renewal of eugenics in American socialscience to justify the lop-sided rate of incarceration for AfricanAmericans, this bit of “racial” common sense -- Allen terms it “psycho-culturalism” -- has insinuated itself into every aspect of life in theUnites States.