Occupation in the Six Counties. The IRA was signaling that it was preparing for arenewed campaign against British rule in Northern Ireland. The Irish Rupublicwould no longer be subjected to IRA subversion. In view of the fact that anydisturbance in the 26 counties area would hinder the achieving of this object theArmy has definately ruled out any kind of aggressive military action in the 26counties
The note continues to annouce an appeal for funds to undertake thisgoal. The MacCurtain appeal was a sign of things to come. Army Order No. 8 in1954 committed the IRA to waging war solely against Northern Ireland.The IRA were not the only ones in mid-century Ireland thinking about partition.It was the constant policy of Irish governments to lobby in international forumsagainst partition. Both the strongly republican Fianna Fail and moderate FineGeal governments made the ending of parition their primary foreign policy. Thiswas the political consesus in Dublin at the time. There was a mass meeting on the13 May 1949 where all the party leaders spoke in protest at the Ireland Act 1949.The Ireland Act was passed in Westminister after the declaration of the Republic.It gave Irish citizans the de facto rights of a commonwealth citizen. But it reafirmed the status of Northern Ireland in the UK. This was the definativeaffirmation of partition that was unacceptable to all Irish parties.As part of the this campiagn against partition propraganda films were shot insecret. One film compares two street in Fintona Co. Tyrone. Mill street ispopulated with nationalist families. The voiceover tells us that most the familiesare large and the houses small. Two thirds of the town are nationalist we aretold. Mill street is contrasted with Craigavon Park. It is unionist and unionist it must stay the voice over tells us. Not one house went to a nationalist. The housesare modern semi-detached houses. The neat gardens of the Craigavon Park areconstrasted with rutted street the nationalists live on. The film makes the point that partition is unnatural, undemocratic and discriminatory. The film was madeto educate the public about the evils of partition. But it is at pains to to say that it does not want to rouse sectarian hatreds.
The IRA was also outraged by the sealing of partition. They applyed their ownlogic to the situation and decided that the only course of action was armed assult on the northern state. They like the government propragandists were anxious tomake distincions between been anti partition and being sectarian. Theirmanifesto of 1949 reaffirms the traditional republican thinking. It emphatisesthat the partition of the country occured in Westminster without therepresentation of the Irish MPs. They are asserting their belief that partition isundemocratic. The illegistmacy of both states on the island is reaffirmed. Whileany sod of Irish territory remains occupied by the army of a foreign country, it cannot be truthfully stated the Republic of Ireland has been restored
. The focusis every much on driving out the British from Northern Ireland. The IRA belief that sitting Dail was illegitmate is down played. True republican will fight on todrive out foreign rule from the country.In forties and fifties the IRA had an influx of new recruits. They were inspired bythe recollections of the war of independence that appeared in the press and in
The IRA: A documentary History 1916-2005
(Dublin: Gill &Macmillian, 2010), 121