issue is likely only to heat up given the election season and the government-imposed deadline of December to close the camps.These failures are not isolated incidents but symptoms of larger structural problems that requireimmediate, sustained, profound reflection and attention. Solutions include involving IDP popula-tions in large community meetings, assessing levels democracy and participation within commit-tees, greater NGO accountability, coordination, and submission to a fully-funded local and na-tional government. Housing needs to be recognized as a human right (guaranteed by Article 22of Haiti
s constitution), with concrete, immediate steps to empower people to return to a safehome and basic services (e.g. water, sanitation, health care, and education) made available toall, regardless of residency status. All of these require the immediate release of pledged aid, thevast majority of which has failed to materialize.Specific policy recommendations include:
Donors such as the U.S. and U.N. should focus more funds and rebuilding efforts at rebuilding the capacity of the elected Haitian government, and not simply NGOs.
NGOs working in Haiti need to work with the Haitian government and respect the local authorities.3.
NGOs working in Haiti need to have an active and robust participation of im-
in the camps and other impacted communities.4.
NGOs should specifically encourage under-represented populations, particularlywomen, and pre-existing grassroots groups.5.
NGOs should assess the official committees and support those who are doing wellin transitioning toward greater autonomy, offer training to mid-range groups, andengage lower-functioning groups in dialogue with the general population.6.
Provide support for education at all levels, including popular education about IDPrights.7.
Provide more security, particularly for women, including an indefinite end toforced evictions until a sufficient amount of permanent housing is available.8.
Provide services in the neighborhoods as well as the camps.9.
All parties: the Haitian government, NGOs, and donors, need to make the expe-dient construction of high-quality permanent housing its first priority.10.
Fully fund Haitian relief efforts.
For correspondence regarding this report, please contact:
Mark Schuller, Assistant ProfessorAfrican American Studies and AnthropologyDepartment of Social SciencesYork College, the City University of New York94-20 Guy R. Brewer BoulevardJamaica, NY 11451(718) firstname.lastname@example.org