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Daniel Varujan Or

Daniel Varujan Or

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Published by: albi. on Jan 04, 2011
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Daniel Varujan
or "Taniel Varujan"(Armenian:

,
 

April 20
,
1884-August 26
,
1915) is one of the significantArmenian  poets of the 20th century.He was one of the greatest Armenian poets of this century. At the age of 31
,
when he was blossoming to become a poet of international stature
,
he was brutally murdered (see below) bythe government of "The Young Turks"
,
likeSiamanto
,
 Krikor Zohraband many others
,
as part of the officially planned and executed Genocide of the whole Armenian nation.
Co
ntents
y
 
1 Life and Education 
y
 
2 Mehianliterarygroup 
y
 
3 Death 
y
 
4 Bibliography 
y
 
5 See also 
y
 
6 References 
y
 
7
External links 
[
edit] Life and Educati
o
n
Varujan was born in the Prknig village of Sivas
,
Turkey. After attending the local school
,
hewas sent in 1896
,
the year of theHamidian massacres
,
to Istanbul
,
where he attended theMkhitarian school. He then continued his education at Mourad-Rafaelian school of Venice
,
 and in 1905 entered theGhent UniversityinBelgium
,
where he followed courses in literature
,
 sociology and economics. In 1909 he returned to his village where he taught for three years.After his marriage with Araksi Varujan in 1912
,
he became the principal of St. Gregory TheIlluminator School in Istanbul.
[
edit] Mehian literary gr
o
up
In 1914
,
he established the
"Mehian
literary group and magazine withGostan Zarian
,
 HagopOshagan
,
 Aharon ParseghianandKegham Parseghian. The purpose of this movement was to start an Armenian Renaissance
,
to wake the nation up from centuries of slavery and darkness
,
 to reconnect it to its great Pre-Christian past ("Mehian" means "Temple")
,
and to encourage itto stand up on its own feet and not tolerate any tyranny
,
whether from its own corruptleadership or the Turkish government. The fundamental ideology of 
 Mehian
was expressedas:"We announce the worship and the expression of the Armenian spirit
,
because the Armenianspirit is alive
,
but appears occasionally. We say: Without the Armenian spirit there is noArmenian literature and Armenian artist. Every true artist expresses only his own race'sspirit...We say: External factors
,
acquired customs
,
foreign influences
,
diverted and deformedemotions have dominated the Armenian spirit
,
but were unable to assimilate it."
[
edit] Death
 
An eyewitness has narrated the torture and martyrdom of Varoujan
,
 Roupen Sevag(another great Armenian writer)
,
and three others. After being arrested and jailed
,
they were told thatthey were being taken to a village. On the way
,
a Turkish official and his assistant
,
 accompanied by five "policemen" who were armed to the teeth
,
stopped the convoy. After robbing the five prisoners
,
the first two who were in charge left and ordered the other five totake them away. After taking them to the woods
,
they attacked the prisoners
,
took off their clothes until all of them were completely naked. Then they tied them one by one to the treesand started cutting them slowly with their knives. Their screams could be heard from a longdistance where this eyewitness was hiding.One of his great works
he Song of the Bread 
(Hatsin Yerge) a fifty page collection of poems
,
 was confiscated during the genocide. It was later published posthumously in 1921. The poemscelebrate the simple majesty of village agricultural life
,
celebrating the Armenian peasant of Anatolia.More than anyone else of their time
,
 Siamantoand Varoujan verbalized the hopes of theArmenians at the turn of the century. Using legends
,
old epics
,
and pagan history at thespringboard and allegory for their aspirations
,
they waited for deliverance from oppressionand the rebirth in Armenian arts.
[
edit] Bibli
o
graphy
Varoujan has produced four great volumes of poetry:
y
 
Shivers
(1906)
y
 
he Heart of the Race
(1909)
y
 
 P 
agan Songs
(1912)
y
 
he Song of the Bread 
(1921).The last book was an unfinished manuscript which was saved by bribing Turkish officials.WritingsbyVaroujan:
y
 
Varoujan
,
Daniel. Le chant du pain (Marseilles: Editions Parentheses
,
1990).
y
 
Varujan
,
Daniel. Il canto del pane (Milan: Edizioni Angelo Guerini e Associati
,
1992).
y
 
Varuzhan
,
Daniel. Artsivnerukaravane (Erevan: "Hayastan" Hratarakchutyun
,
1969).
y
 
Banasteghtsakanerker (Antelias: Tp. KilikioyKatoghikosutean
,
1986).
y
 
Banasteghtsutyunner (Erevan: Haypethrat
,
1955).
y
 
Dzon (Erevan: HayastanHratarakchutyun
,
19
7
5).
y
 
Erker (Erevan: "Hayastan
,
" 1969).
y
 
Erker (Jerusalem: "HaralezHratarakchutiwn
,
" 19
7
3).
y
 
Erker (Erevan: "SovetakanGrogh" Hratarakchutyun
,
1984).
y
 
Erkeriliakatarzhoghovatsu: erekhatorov (Erevan: Haykakan SSH GAHratarakchutyun
,
1986
,
198
7
).
y
 
Harche (Erevan: Haypethrat
,
1946).
y
 
Harche (Beirut: TparanEtvan
,
1952).
y
 
Harche (Erevan: "SovetakanGrogh" Hratarakchutyun
,
19
77
).
y
 
Hatentir (Istanbul: GrakanAkumb-ZhamanakGortsaktsutiwn
,
1994).
y
 
Hatintirner (Istanbul: Zhamanak 
,
1994).
y
 
Hatsinerge (Jerusalem: TparanSrbotsHakobeants
,
1950).
y
 
Hatsinerge (Erevan: Haypethrat
,
1964).

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