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Paper on DNA Computing

Paper on DNA Computing

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Published by amoolyasankidi

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Published by: amoolyasankidi on Jan 04, 2011
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01/27/2015

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DNA COMPUTING
 
BYP.Sramika, III B.tech (ECE),R.V.R. Institute of engineering and tech(Ibp)S.Amoolya, III B.tech (ECE),T.K.R. college of engineering and tech 
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ABSTRACT:
 
Siliconmicroprocessors have been theheart of computing world for more than forty years.Computer chip manufacturersare furiously racing to makethe next microprocessor thatwill topple speed records andin the process are crammingmore and more electronicdevices onto themicroprocessor. Sooner or later the physical speed andlimits of siliconmicroprocessors is bound tohit a wall.Chipmakersneed a new material to produce faster computingspeed with fewecomplexities. You wont believe where scientists havefound this new material.DNA, the material our genesare made of, is being used to build the next generation of microprocessors. Scientistsare using this genetic materialto create nano-computers thatmight take the place of siliconcomputers in the next decade.A nascenttechnology that uses DNAmolecules to build computersthat are faster than the world’smost powerful human-builtcomputers is called DNAcomputing. Molecula biologists are beginning tounravel the information processing tools such asenzymes, copying tools, proofreading mechanisms andso on, that evolution has spentmillions of years refining. Now we are taking those toolsin large numbers moleculesand using them as biologicalcomputer processors.DNA computing hasa great deal of advantage over conventional silicon-basedcomputing. DNA computerscan store billions of timesmore data than your personalcomputer. DNA computershave the ability to work in amassively parallel fashion, performing many calculationssimultaneously. DNAmolecules that provide theinput can also provide all thenecessary operational energy.DNA computing hasmade a remarkable progress inalmost every field. It has
 
found application in fields like biomedical, pharmaceutical,information security, crackingsecret codes, etc.Scientists andresearchers believe that in theforeseeable future DNAcomputing could scale up togreat heights!
Introduction
Man’s thirst for knowledge has driven theinformation revolution.Human brain, a master  processor, processes theinformation about the internaland external environment andsends signals to takeappropriate actions. In nature,such controls exist at everylevel. Even the smallest of thecells has a nucleus, whichcontrols the cell. Where doesthis power actually comefrom? It lies in the DNA. Theability to harness thiscomputational power shalldetermine the fate of nextgeneration of computing.DNA computing isa novel technology that seeksto capitalize on the enormousinformational capacity oDNA, biological moleculesthat can store huge amounts of information and are able to perform operations similar tothat of a computer, throughthe deployment of enzymes, biological catalysts that actlike software to executedesired operations. The appealof DNA computing lies in thefact that DNA molecules canstore far more informationthan any existing conventionalcomputer chip. Also, utilizingDNA for complexcomputation can be muchfaster than utilizing aconventional computer, fowhich massive parallelismwould require large amountsof hardware, not simply moreDNA.
Structure of DNA
All organisms onthis planet are made of thesame type of genetic blueprint,which bind us together.Within the cells of anyorganism is a substance calledDeoxyribonucleic Acid(DNA), which is a double-

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