found application in fields like biomedical, pharmaceutical,information security, crackingsecret codes, etc.Scientists andresearchers believe that in theforeseeable future DNAcomputing could scale up togreat heights!
Man’s thirst for knowledge has driven theinformation revolution.Human brain, a master processor, processes theinformation about the internaland external environment andsends signals to takeappropriate actions. In nature,such controls exist at everylevel. Even the smallest of thecells has a nucleus, whichcontrols the cell. Where doesthis power actually comefrom? It lies in the DNA. Theability to harness thiscomputational power shalldetermine the fate of nextgeneration of computing.DNA computing isa novel technology that seeksto capitalize on the enormousinformational capacity of DNA, biological moleculesthat can store huge amounts of information and are able to perform operations similar tothat of a computer, throughthe deployment of enzymes, biological catalysts that actlike software to executedesired operations. The appealof DNA computing lies in thefact that DNA molecules canstore far more informationthan any existing conventionalcomputer chip. Also, utilizingDNA for complexcomputation can be muchfaster than utilizing aconventional computer, for which massive parallelismwould require large amountsof hardware, not simply moreDNA.
Structure of DNA
All organisms onthis planet are made of thesame type of genetic blueprint,which bind us together.Within the cells of anyorganism is a substance calledDeoxyribonucleic Acid(DNA), which is a double-