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Table Of Contents

Introduction: Chemistry and Its Divisions
Introduction
The Scientific Enterprise
What Is Chemistry?
Divisions of Chemistry
Early History
Greek Science
Alchemy
Chemistry in the Middle Ages
The Beginnings of Modern Chemistry
The Phlogiston Theory
Pneumatic Chemistry
Lavoisier
The Law of Definite Proportions
Dalton and the Birth of the Atomic Theory
Gay-Lussac and Avogadro’s Hypothesis
The Divisible Atom
Atomic Structure
Quantum Mechanics
AModern View of the Atom
Atomic Mass, Atomic Numbers, and Isotopes
Ions
Summary
Mixtures, Compounds, and Molecules
Naming Elements
Naming Compounds
Writing Chemical Formulas
Chemical Reactions
Types of Reactions
From Molecules to Moles
Discovery of the Elements
The Modern Periodic Table
The Main Group Elements
d and f Block Elements
Metals, Metalloids, and Nonmetals
Periodic Problems
Introduction and History
Dot Formulas, the Octet Rule, and Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Electronegativity and the Polar Covalent Bond
Polar Molecules and Hydrogen Bonds
Bond Energies
The Metallic Bond
Bonding and Molecular Geometry
Modern Bonding Theory
Intermolecular Forces and the Solid and Liquid States
Characteristics of Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Intermolecular Forces
Crystalline Solids
Amorphous Solids
Liquids
Pressure
The Gas Laws
The Ideal Gas Law
Partial Pressure and Vapor Pressure
Applications of the Gas Laws
Changes of State
Energy and Phase Changes
Phase Changes and Thermochemistry
Heating Curves
Calorimetry
Heat of Reaction
The Solution Process
Electrolytes
Concentration of Solutions
Solubility of Gases
Colligative Properties
Reactions of Solutions
Colloids and Suspensions
Reaction Rates
The Collision Theory
Factors Affecting Reaction Rates
Reaction Mechanisms and Catalysis
Chemical Equilibrium
Le Châtelier’s Principle
The Equilibrium Constant
Ammonia and the Haber Process
Chemical Definitions of Acids and Bases
Strengths of Acids and Bases
Acid Concentration
pH and pOH
Neutralization Reactions
Buffers
History
Oxidation and Reduction
Oxidation Numbers
Electrochemical Cells
Electrolysis
Batteries
Corrosion
Electroplating
Commercial Applications and Electrorefining
Organic Compounds
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
Aromatic Hydrocarbons— Benzene
Functional Groups and Organic Families
Petroleum
Organic Products
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Biotechnology
Nuclear Stability and Radioactivity
Radioactive Decay and Nuclear Reactions
Half-Life and Radiometric Dating
Nuclear Binding Energy— Fission and Fusion
Fusion and Stellar Evolution
Transmutation
Nuclear Medicine
Radiation Units and Detection
Biological Effects of Radiation
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Acid Rain
The Greenhouse Effect
Water Quality
Air Pollution
Pesticides
Acids and Alkalis
Explosives
Synthetic Dyes
Synthetic Fibers and Plastics
Synthetic Rubber
Petrochemicals
Industry Histories
The Scientific Method
Chemistry Experimentation
Chemical Activities
Chemist’s Job Description and Training
Careers in Chemistry
Glossary
Brief Timeline of Chemistry
Nobel Laureates in Chemistry
Table of the Elements
Selected Bibliography
Author Index
Subject Index
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Basics of Chemistry

Basics of Chemistry

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Published by: npgy on Jan 04, 2011
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