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Analiza neliniara

Analiza neliniara

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analiza neliniara curs predat de decanul facultatii math UAIC, Ovidiu Carja
analiza neliniara curs predat de decanul facultatii math UAIC, Ovidiu Carja

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Published by: Tony on Jan 04, 2011
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08/20/2012

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Universitatea “Al.I. Cuza” Ia¸siFacultatea de matematic˘a
Ovidiu Carja
UNELE METODE DEANALIZA FUNCTIONALA NELINIARA
 
ii
 
Sumar
1 Partit¸ia Unit˘at¸ii 1
1.1 Partit¸ia unit˘at¸ii ˆın spat¸ii metrice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Partit¸ia unit˘at¸ii ˆın spat¸ii compacte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.3 Aplicat¸ii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2 Multifunct¸ii 17
2.1 Definit¸ii, exemple. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172.2 Multifunct¸ii superior semicontinue ¸simultifunct¸ii inferior semicontinue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212.3 Incluziuni diferent¸iale pe mult¸imi ˆınchise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372.4 Select¸ii, parametriz˘ari, aproxim˘ari . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3 Principiul aplicat¸iilor deschise 57
3.1 Teorema Robinson - Ursescu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573.2 Teorema lui Baire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653.3 Aplicat¸ii la controlabilitatea sistemelor liniare . . . . . . . . . . . . 703.4 Teorema de inversare locaa ¸siTeorema Lyusternik - Graves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 743.5 Aplicat¸ii la controlabilitatea sistemelor neliniare . . . . . . . . . . . 85
4 Teoreme de punct x 87
4.1 Teorema de punct x a lui Banach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 884.2 Teorema de punct x a lui Brouwer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 924.3 Teorema de punct x a lui Schauder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 984.4 Teoreme de punct fix pentru multifunct¸ii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1094.5 Ecuat¸ii semiliniare ˆın spat¸ii Banach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
5 Probleme de optimizare 117
5.1 Principiul Brezis - Browder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117iii

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