Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
14Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chemistry, chapt 3, formulae and equetions

Chemistry, chapt 3, formulae and equetions

Ratings: (0)|Views: 227|Likes:
Published by Farah Aisyah Ahmad
Nota Terbaik Kimia..
Daripada Panel AKRAM
Nota Terbaik Kimia..
Daripada Panel AKRAM

More info:

Published by: Farah Aisyah Ahmad on Jan 05, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/09/2012

pdf

text

original

 
4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 3Chapter 3
 
Chemical Formulae and Equations
 
1
CHAPTER 3 : CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS
A1 : Relative Atomic Mass, A
r
 
1.
 
The
mass of an atom is v
ery
small. W
e
cannot w
e
ig
h
a singl
e
atom.2.
 
W
e
can d
e
t
er 
min
e
t
he
 
mass of one atom
relative
 
to
a standard atom
.3.
 
The
atomic mass of an atom found compa
ing it wit
h
a standa
d atom is call
e
d
 R
elative Atomic Mass
,
RAM
,
 
A
r
.4.
 
F
o
t
he
fi
st
,
c
he
mist using
hy
d
og
e
n atom as t
he
standa
d atom fo
compa
ison b
e
caus
e
 
hy
d
og
e
n is t
he
lig
h
t
e
st atom.A H
e
lium atom is
4 times
 
he
avi
er 
compa
re
to a
hy
d
og
e
n atom.
e
lativ
e
atomic mass of H
e
lium is
4
.5.
 
Ox
y
g
e
nwas t
he
n us
e
d as a standa
d to compa
re
t
he
mass
e
s of atoms. How
e
v
er 
,
t
h
is also pos
e
dsom
e
p
obl
e
m w
he
n t
hree
isotop
e
s of o
x
y
g
e
n was discov
ere
d.6.
 
1961 : t
he
Int
er 
national Unions of C
he
mists and P
hy
sicists ag
ree
d on a singl
e
t
he
 
carbon -12
(
C-12
)
atom us
e
d as a standa
d to compa
re
t
he
mass
e
s of atom. C-12 is c
h
oos
e
n b
e
caus
e
:
 
it is solid at
oom conditions
 
can b
e
 
e
asil
y
 
h
and
e
d.
The
 
re
lativ
e
atomic mass of an
e
l
e
m
e
nt is
the average mass of one atom of the element whencompared with
121
of the mass of an atom of 
carbon ± 12.
 
the average
mass of one atom
of an element 
121
×
the mass of one atom of carbon - 12 Example
:
e
lativ
e
atomic mass of sodium is 23. [*
 Relative atomic mass does not have any unit 
]
 
Th
is m
e
ans t
h
at t
he
av
er 
ag
e
mass of a sodium atom is
23
times larger
t
h
an121of t
he
 mass of a ca
 bon-12 atom.
 Relative atomic mass o an element 
 =
Hydrogen
asstanda
d atomH
e
lium atomHow man
y
 
he
liumatoms a
re
 
here?
 
121
of on
e
atom ca
 bon-1223 ×
 
Sodium
 atom
 
4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 3Chapter 3
 
Chemical Formulae and Equations
 
2
 Activity
1:-
1.
 
How man
y
tim
e
s is
a
copp
er 
atom
he
avi
er 
t
h
an
two
 
he
lium atoms
?
 [
 Relative atomic mass
: H
e
= 4; Cu = 64 ]
Solution
:=
4
x
264
 =
8
 
a
copp
er 
atom is
8
tim
e
s
he
avi
er 
t
h
an
two
 
he
lium atoms
2.
 
How man
y
tim
e
s is
one
atom of silicon
he
avi
er 
t
h
an
one
atom of lit
h
ium
?
 [
 Relative atomic mass
: Li = 7; Si = 28 ]
3.
 
How man
y
tim
e
s is
one
atom of nit
og
e
n
he
avi
er 
t
h
an
one
atom of lit
h
ium.[
 Relative atomic mass
: Li = 7; N = 14 ]
4.
 
How man
y
magn
e
sium atoms
h
av
e
t
he
 
same
mass as
two
silv
er 
atoms
?
 [
 Relative atomic mass
: Mg = 24; Ag = 108]
Solution
:Mass of 
a
copp
er 
atomMass of 
two
 
he
lium atoms
 
1 ×
A
r
of copp
er 
 
2 ×
A
r
of 
he
lium
 =
Mass of 
a
silicon atomMass of 
a
lit
h
ium atom
 =
 
4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 3Chapter 3
 
Chemical Formulae and Equations
 
3
5.
 
Calculat
e
t
he
numb
er 
of atoms of lit
h
ium t
h
at
h
av
e
t
he
sam
e
mass as two atoms of nit
og
e
n.[
 Relative atomic mass
: Li = 7 ; N = 14 ]
6
.
 
The
mass of on
e
Y atom is 4 tim
e
s la
g
er 
t
h
an t
he
mass of on
e
nit
og
e
n atom.Calculat
e
t
he
 
re
lativ
e
atomic mass of Y.[
 Relative atomic mass
: N = 14 ]
7
.
 
The
mass of an atom of 
e
l
e
m
e
nt Y is t
e
n tim
e
s g
re
at
er 
t
h
an t
he
mass of an atom of 
e
l
e
m
e
nt X.W
h
at is t
he
 
re
lativ
e
atomic mass of Y
?
 [
 Relative atomic mass
: X = 9 ]

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->