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Chemistry, C6A Electrolysis (S)

Chemistry, C6A Electrolysis (S)

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Published by Farah Aisyah Ahmad
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Published by: Farah Aisyah Ahmad on Jan 05, 2011
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4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 6
 
Chapter 6
 
 Electrochemistry
1
Chapter 6 : ELECTROCHEMISTRY
A Understanding properties of Electrolytes and Non-electrolytes.
Three classes of substance that can be made based on electrical conductivity :
 
Type of substance Characteristic ExampleConductors
Substances that
can
 
conduct electrical current 
in solid or liquid state
w
ithout
anychemical changes
.
 [normally metals and carbon]
Electrolytes
Chemical compounds that
can
 
conduct electricity only in
molten
or 
aqueoussolution
state and 
undergo chemicalchanges
,
but
cannot
conduct electricity in
solid
state
.
 [normally ionic compound
,
acid and alkali]
Non-electrolytes
Chemical compounds that
cannot
conduct 
 electricity in molten
,
aqueous solution andsolid states; normally covalent compound
.
 
W
hat are
electrolytes
?Electrolytes are substances that «««««««««««««« electricity either in the«««««««««« state
or 
««««««« solution and
undergo chemical changes
.
 
 A
ctivity
1:-
1
 
Classify
substances given below into
electrolytes
and
non-electrolytes
.
 Tetrachloromethane
,
 
CCl
4
 
molten aluminium oxide
,
 
Al
2
O
3
sulphuric acid solution
,
 
H
2
SO
4
 glucose solution
,
 
C
6
H
12
O
6
molten naphthalene
,
 
C
10
H
8
sodium hydroxide solution
,
 
 NaOH
 
 
Electrolytes Non-electrolytes
 
4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 6
 
Chapter 6
 
 Electrochemistry
2
2
 
W
rite (
¥
) for the correct statement and (
X
 
) for the wrong statement
.
 (a)
Solid
sodium chloride
,
NaCl salt is a good electrical conductor 
.
 (b) Mercury
,
Hg is an electrolyte
.
 (c)Sulphuric acid
,
 
H
2
SO
4
is an electrolyte
.
 (d)Compounds can conduct electricity in the presence of freelymoving ions
.
 (e) Covalent compounds can conduct electricity in any states
.
 (f)Common salt
,
NaCl is an electrolyte in molten or aqueoussolution
.
 
3
Explain why a
sugar 
solution does not conduct electricity while a
common salt 
solutionconducts electricity
.
 
............................................................................................................................. ..........................
 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
...
 
4
Complete the chart with the correct answer 
.
(
 A
ctivity to determine the electrolyte / non-electrolyte
)
 
*
CompoundObservation / Bulb lights upSolid Molten Aqueous solutionSugar,
C
6
H
12
O
6
 Lead(II) bromide,
PbBr 
2
 Sodium iodide,
 NaI
 Sulphur,
S
8
 Aluminium oxide,
Al
2
O
3
 Naphthalene,
C
10
H
8
 Iron, Fe
*
Compound
aqueous solution)
BulbCarbon electrodesCellBulb*
Compound(
molten
)
 Bunsen burner CellSwitchCarbon electrodes
 
4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 6
 
Chapter 6
 
 Electrochemistry
3
5
Explain
w
hy
the substances below can conduct electricity
or 
cannot conduct electricity
.
 
 
Substances Types of compound Explanation
5
.
1
Solid
sodium chloride
,
  NaClIt «««««
..
««
..
conduct electricity because the «««««
..
«« and«««««
..
«« are held together in a latticeand do not «««««
..
«««
5
.
2
Molten
sodiumchloride
or 
Sodium chloride
solution
,
NaCl
W
hen sodium chloride is «««««
..
««
or 
«««««
..
«« in water 
,
it«««««
..
«« conduct electricity
.
 This is because the «««««
..
«« and«««««
..
«« are free to move in themolten state and aqueous solution
.
 
5
.
3
 
Ammonia
,
 
 NH
3
inmethylbenzene/tetrachloromethane / prophanone / ether (
organic solvents
)It «««««
..
«« conduct electricity because it exists as «««««
..
««in organic solvents
.
 
5
.
4
 
Ammonia
solution
//ammonium hydroxide
,
  NH
4
OH(
 A
mmonia gasdissolved in
w
ater 
)It «««««
..
«« conduct electricity because it exists as «««««
..
«««
.
and«««««
..
«««
.
in water 
.
 
 A
ctivity
2:-(i)
 
W
hat is meant by
electrolyte
?«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..
 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..
 (ii)
 
Copper(II) sulphate
crystal
does not conduct electricity while copper(II) sulphatesolution does
.
Explain why
.
 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..
 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
..
 

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