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Chemistry, C6C_Electrochemical Series (S)

Chemistry, C6C_Electrochemical Series (S)

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Published by Farah Aisyah Ahmad
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Published by: Farah Aisyah Ahmad on Jan 05, 2011
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04/21/2013

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4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 6
 
DElectrochemical Series
Electrochemical Series is an
arrangement of elements
according to
their tendency torelease electrons
to form a …………………………...
 
ElectrochemicalSeries
 NaCaMgAlZnFeSnPbHCuAg
D1
Synthesising
Electrochemical Series
The construction of Electrochemical Series based on ;
I
: The
voltage differences
of the pair of metals
Chapter 6
 Electrochemistry
39
MORE ELECTROPOSITIVE
Easier to release electrons to form a positive ion (cation)
Metal
Y
ElectrolyteMetal
XV
 
4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 6
 
 
Pair of metalX/YVoltage(V)PositiveTerminalNegativeTerminalMg / Cu
2.7CuMg
Zn / Cu
1.1CuZn
Fe / Cu
0.8CuFe
Pb / Cu
0.5CuPb
Cu / Cu
0.0--
The
 greater 
the voltage produced, the
 further 
is the separation of the paired metals in theElectrochemical Series.
Metals which have a
higher tendency to ionise
(higher position in the Electrochemical Series)will be the
negative
terminal.
Metals which have a
lower tendency to ionise
(lower position in the Electrochemical Series)will be the
 positive
terminal.
Sample question
:Table below shows the voltage and positive terminal of three chemical cells.
Pair of metalCell voltage/VPositive terminal
P and Q2.5PQ and R3.0R and S0.2SWhich of the following is the correct arrangment of the metals in the Electrochemical Seriesstarting with the most electropositive metal?
A
P, Q, R, S
B
Q, P, R, S
C
Q, R, S, P
Chapter 6
 Electrochemistry
40
The tendencyfor metals toionise isincrease
MgZnFePbCu
 
0.5
 
V
0.8
V
1.1
V
2.7
V
 
4541 CHEMISTRY
 
Chapter 6
 
D
S, R, P, Q
II
: The
capability of metals to displace other metals
from its salt solution.
(Displacement reaction)
If 
reaction occurs
: [
e.g 
:
P
 
is
Mg
;
Salt solution contain
 
Cu
2+
ions
]
P + Q
m+
P
n+
+ Q // Mg + Cu
2+
Mg
2+
+ Cu
The position of metal
P
is higher than metal
Q
in the Electrochemical Series.
P
is more electropositive than
Q
If 
no reaction
 
occurs
: [
e.g 
:
P
 
is
 
Ag
;
Salt solution contain
 
Zn
2+
ions
]
The position of metal
P
is lower than metal
Q
in the Electrochemical Series.
P
is less electropositive than
Q
 Activity
19 :-
 
By using the Electrochemical Series, complete the table below :
 
SolutionMetalCuPbFeZnMgCu(NO
3
)
2
Pb(NO
3
)
2
FeSO
4
ZnSO
4
MgSO
4
Total
 
reaction occur;
X
no reactionThe arrangement of metals in the Electrochemical Series is :
Chapter 6
 Electrochemistry
41
Metal
P
Salt solution containsmetal
Q
ion,
Q
m+
The tendency for metals to ionise increases

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