Please seeMcColl's Darkroom in Cyberspacefor drawings showing a close-up offiber.
Hydrated double-sulfate of alumina potassium. A commonly used mordant.
Amercian Pima Cotton
A cross between Sea Island and Egyptian cotton. Grown in Arizona. Lengthaverages 13/8" to 15/8".
An alkaline liquid used in natural dyeing.
A class of synthetic, organic dyes originally obtained from aniline (coal tars),andwere the first synthetic dyes. Today the term is used with reference to anysynthetic organic dyes and pigments, in contrast to animal or vegetable coloringmaterials, and synthetic inorganic pigments. Aniline dyes are classified accordingto their degree of brightness or their light fastness. Also called "coal tar dyes."
Protein-based hair, fur, and cocoon materials taken from animals. Typical animalfibers include, wool, mohair, llama, alpaca, cashmere, camel and vicuna andcocoon material (silk).
Downy soft, fluffy hair that is plucked or sheared from theangora rabbits. This isa slippery, flyaway fiber is usually blended with wool or other fibers to make iteasier to spin and to reduce the cost.
The goat that produces "mohair"
A highly dangerous, infectious disease cased by
. In humans, aform of this disease is commonly called "wool sorter's disease". It may becontracted, most likely through skin abrasion from handling fleeces from infectedanimals. More information about this disease may be found at the HealthScout'ssite.
All wools that are manufactured into cloth for use as clothing.
In spinning, the fibers are pulled out of a distaff or from a ball of roving into astrand of the desired diameter.
This is the metal shaft through the center of wheel, supporting it. There is usuallya set screw that 'locks' it in place which (sadly) can be sheared off.