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Control System 2 (Cont of 1)

# Control System 2 (Cont of 1)

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01/05/2011

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1.0 OBJECTIVE OF OUR CONTROL DESIGN:
The objective of our control design is to control the
movement (Ө) of
sliding gate inorder to achieve the distance which is setting by user.
Figure 1: The slider gate in process of movement
The actual of interest to be control for this automatic sliding gate system isvelocity displacement,

of gate by motor rotation. The
average
velocity v of anobject moving through adisplacementduring a time interval (
Δ
) is described bythe formula:The important parameters required to study the motion along a straight line aredisplacement and velocity. The measure of length of the path is the distance travelled bythe particle and the shortest distance between the initial and final position of the particleis called displacement.
X
0
(Output)X
1
(Input)Distance

The distance travelled by a particle by, however, is different from its displacementfrom the origin. For example , if the particle moves from a point O to position P
1
and thento position P
2
, its displacement at the position P
2
is -x
2
from origin but , the distancetravelled by the particle is x
1
+x
1
+x
2
= 2x
1
+x
2
as shown in figure. The distance travelled isa scalar quantity and the distance is a vector quantity.We choose distance as a important or interest to be controlled parameter becauseto make sure the sliding gate can fully close at the same time with the timer of rotatingmotor. There are two (2) situations below shown why the distance (x) as a importantparameter to be controller.

Situation 1: The sliding gate is not fully close
Figure 2: the sliding gate with not fully close condition
The first situation above shown is the location of the gate is not fully close. This is because, thetime is not enough to gate fully close is not enough by rotation of motor. So, we should considerthe distance of gate to move until fully close with the total rotation of motor that we need.
Not fully close
X
0
(Output)X
1
Inut

Situation 2 (The sliding gate move over of limitation)
Figure 3: the sliding gate with move over limit
The second situation shown about the location of sliding gate is across over limit. This isbecause, the motor rotate non-stop faster than previous situation. So, we need to controland consider the time for rotating motor with the distance that necessity for gate to fullyclose without across over the limitation.
Over limit
X
0
(Output)X
1
(Input)