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Chapter 06

# Chapter 06

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solver Matematicas Avanzadas Para ING de Glyn James / solucionario
solver Matematicas Avanzadas Para ING de Glyn James / solucionario

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01/05/2011

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6Matrix AnalysisExercises 6.3.3
1(a)
Yes, as the three vectors are linearly independent and span three-dimensional space.
1(b)
No, since they are linearly dependent
325
2
101
=
123
1(c)
No, do not span three-dimensional space. Note they are also linearlydependent.
2
Transformation matrix is
A
=1
2
1 1 01
1 00 0
2
1 0 00 1 00 0 1
=
1
√
21
√
2
0
1
√
2
1
√
2
00 0 1
Rotates the (
e
1
,
e
2
) plane through
π/
e
3
axis.
3
By checking axioms (a)-(h) on p. 427 it is readily shown that all cubics
ax
3
+
bx
2
+
cx
+
d
form a vector space. Note that the space is four dimensional.
3(a)
All cubics can be written in the form
ax
3
+
bx
2
+
cx
+
d
and
{
1
, x, x
2
, x
3
}
are a linearly independent set spanning four-dimensional space.Thus it is an appropriate basis.
c
Pearson Education Limited 2004

Glyn James: Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics, Third edition 289
3(b)
No, does not span the required four-dimensional space. Thus a generalcubic cannot be written as a linear combination of (1
x
)
,
(1 +
x
)
,
(1
x
3
)
,
(1 +
x
3
)as no term in
x
2
is present.
3(c)
Yes as linearly independent set spanning the four-dimensional space
a
(1
x
) +
b
(1 +
x
) +
c
(
x
2
x
3
) +
d
(
x
2
+
x
3
)= (
a
+
b
) + (
b
a
)
x
+ (
c
+
a
)
x
2
+ (
d
c
)
x
3
α
+
βx
+
γx
2
+
δx
3
3(d)
Yes as a linear independent set spanning the four-dimensional space
a
(
x
x
2
) +
b
(
x
+
x
2
) +
c
(1
x
3
) +
d
(1 +
x
3
)= (
a
+
b
) + (
b
a
)
x
+ (
c
+
d
)
x
2
+ (
d
c
)
x
3
α
+
βx
+
γx
2
+
δx
3
3(e)
No not linearly independent set as(4
x
3
+ 1) = (3
x
2
+ 4
x
3
)
(3
x
2
+ 2
x
) + (1 + 2
x
)
4
x
+ 2
x
3
,
2
x
3
x
5
, x
+
x
3
form a linearly independent set and form a basisfor all polynomials of the form
α
+
βx
3
+
γx
5
. Thus
is the space of all oddquadratic polynomials. It has dimension 3.
c
Pearson Education Limited 2004

290 Glyn James: Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics, Third edition
Exercises 6.4.3
5(a)
Characteristic polynomial is
λ
3
p
1
λ
2
p
2
λ
p
3
with
p
1
= trace
A
= 12
B
1
=
A
12
I
=
9 2 14
7
12 3
8
A
2
=
A B
1
=
17
5
7
18
30 72
5
33
p
2
=12trace
A
2
=
40
B
2
=
A
2
+ 40
I
=
23
5
7
18 10 72
5 7
A
3
=
A B
2
=
35 0 00 35 00 0 35
p
3
=13trace
A
3
= 35Thus characteristic polynomial is
λ
3
12
λ
2
+ 40
λ
35Note that
B
3
=
A
3
35
I
= 0 conﬁrming check.
5(b)
Characteristic polynomial is
λ
4
p
1
λ
3
p
2
λ
2
p
3
λ
p
4
with
p
1
= trace
A
= 4
B
1
=
A
4
I
=
2
1 1 20
3 1 0
1 1
3 11 1 1
4
A
2
=
A B
1
=
3 4 0
3
1
2
2 12 0
2
5
3
3
1 3
p
2
=12trace
A
2
=
2
c
Pearson Education Limited 2004