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Plain Talk on Luke- Gutzke

Plain Talk on Luke- Gutzke

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Published by woodstockwoody
Dr. Gutzke's wrote a series of Plain Talk Books, including this one on the Gospel of Luke. It was always his aim to open up the Scriptures and discuss them just as they are. He made it a point to use plain, everyday language so that an average, ordinary person who was interested could learn more
Dr. Gutzke's wrote a series of Plain Talk Books, including this one on the Gospel of Luke. It was always his aim to open up the Scriptures and discuss them just as they are. He made it a point to use plain, everyday language so that an average, ordinary person who was interested could learn more

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Published by: woodstockwoody on Jan 06, 2011
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11/11/2011

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PLAIN TALK 
ON
Luke
 by Dr. Manford George Gutzke
C O N T E N T S
1. Introduction (1:1-4) ................................................................. 92. The Virgin Birth (1:5-1.38) .................................................... 263. The Youth and Baptism of Jesus Christ (2:1-3:22) ............... 424. Temptation and Early Ministry (4:1-5:16) ............................ 575. The Miracles of Christ ........................................................... 766. The Teaching Methods of Jesus of Nazareth(6:1-4; 11:14-20; 5:36-39; 10:25-37; 13:1-5; 14:15-24;15:1-32; 16:1-12; 16:19-31; 15:1-8) ....................................... 917. The Reality of Demons ........................................................ 1108. The General Teaching of Jesus of Nazareth(5:1-10; 7:1-10, 36-50; 19:1-10, 37-43) .............................. 1309. Betrayal, Trial and Crucifixion (22:1-2) ............................... 15010. The Resurrection (24:1-53) ................................................ 168
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1
© Dr. Manford G. Gutzke
 
Chapter 1
 
INTRODUCTION
 The events we are about to consider, in the gospel of Luke, occurred in the world's history a long timeago, in a strange and distant land. In the gospel of John attention is focused upon a wonderful situationwhere glory prevails, the center of the glory being the King of kings and the Lord of lords. But in Lukethere is a revelation of Jesus Christ without that atmosphere of glory. Here is a revelation of Jesus Christin human form, as He came into this world's history more than nineteen hundred years ago; lived, died,and rose again from the grave.As far as their social habits were concerned, the people who lived back in those days, in that distantland, lived a very different life from men today, and yet they were human beings such as in the worldnow. They had the problems of making a living; they faced the difficulties involved in dealing with other  people; they suffered pain; they dreaded the unknown; they grieved at the loss of those they loved.These ancient people rejoiced when they were happy, and were gladdened by good fortune, and by the blessings of providence. Young people got married, homes were established, babies were born, and people died. It was life much as it is lived today. After all they were human beings, living in a land calledJudea, which is now known as Palestine.There are many countries in that general area now, but the name Palestine will cover them all. The people involved in this account were Jews. The Jew was a person (p.10) who lived in the traditions of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the tradition of the prophet Moses, and of the judges, Gideon and Samuel,and of the kings, David and Hezekiah, and then again of the prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Elijahand Daniel. The people whom Luke writes about lived in the shadow of such traditions.But what they shared was more than tradition. They cherished their way of life as being their own.They understood they belonged to God; they knew who God was: the Creator of the heaven and theearth. They understood that God had chosen them to be His own, and that He would give Himself tothem, in order that they might walk in His blessing. Because He loved them, God would be gracious tothem and keep them all in the way that they should go. Because He was a holy God, He insisted that His people should be holy. This does not so much mean that they must be perfect in their outward conductas it means that they should be single-minded in their heart's attitude toward God. He gave Himself, as itwere, for them. He gave Himself to them as He watched over them. He gave their armies success againsttheir enemies, and He overruled in their practical affairs in such a way that this little nation called Israelwas truly blessed of God. The only response that could be worthy would be that they should givethemselves sincerely to Him.The Israelites actually expected blessing. They believed that the time would come when Someone of the house of David would sit on the throne, and that the whole world would be under His rule. It wasnot always clear in their minds that God owned all people on the face of the earth, and that He actuallyhad all the people of the world in His mind. He had promised Abraham "I will bless thee and make thee a blessing," and He had added "In thee and in thy seed shall all nations of the earth be blessed." This maynot have been always clear in the minds of the Israelites, nor later in the minds of the Jews, but it wasalways implicit throughout Scripture (p.11)The Jews of whom Luke wrote were human beings, it is true, and in their human way they often had alimited view as far as God was concerned. But God had revealed Himself 
to
the prophets, and
through
 the prophets. He had revealed Himself to these ancient people in His promises. His Word became the
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© Dr. Manford G. Gutzke
 
written Scripture amongst them, setting forth the revelation of His will for His people forever.All of the foregoing belongs to the history of Israel at the time of Jesus and the descendants of these people were living in and around the city of Jerusalem, which was their capital. Most of the principleevents recorded in the life of the Lord Jesus occurred in that general vicinity.It can be said with further reference to Israel that they were God's "peculiar" people. The word
 peculiar 
does not mean strange as to conduct, or of odd characteristics. Rather, it means personal, precious, or intimate. In that sense these people belonged to God in a way in which they belonged to noone else, just as your home, the house you live in, is your peculiar house. It is "peculiar" to all other houses in your city, because it is the one you live in, and to you that makes it different from all the rest.These people were called
 peculiar 
in the sense that they belonged to God as a woman's wedding ring belongs to the woman wearing it.However God did not intend this relationship to be so exclusive that others should be left out: thatwas never in His mind. In the Old Testament you will find in the Book of Jonah that Jonah was sent to Nineveh to preach. The people of that city had such a soul-shattering experience that they repented, andwhen Nineveh repented God spared them. They were not Israelites, but they were human beings, andGod is the God of all the earth. This event showed that God's will is for all men everywhere. Whosoever will may come to Him, and God will in no wise cast out anyone who comes. Often the Jews themselvessimply did not understand this, but it was always (p.12) plainly set forth in the Scriptures.The Jews had a traditional hope which they found in their Scriptures and held in common throughoutthe nation. It was the promise of God to send the
Messiah
, which the New Testament calls
Christ 
.Whether you use the Hebrew word
Messiah
or the Greek word
Christ 
, the meaning is "the AnointedOne," the person especially appointed to a given task, as set forth in prophecy. Daniel said God wouldsend the Messiah, whom Daniel called the
 Prince
, and He would come to establish the kingdom of God.Israel had long looked for the coming of the Messiah, because He was to bring them blessing, and deliver them from the hand of their enemies.It would not, therefore, seem unusual that when the Israelites suffered ill fortune, defeat, or wereunder oppression, they would begin to think that now, surely now, was the time for the Messiah toappear. The word was out, it was written in Isaiah, as they very well knew, ". . . When the enemy shallcome in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him" (Isaiah 59:19). Again andagain it was customary in Israel's history and experience, when it seemed as though the shades of disaster were becoming darker and darker, and gloom was settling over the nation, that their hearts becameconscious of that hope - this could be the time when Messiah would come!So it was at the time of the birth of Jesus. The particular circumstances just then were veryunfavorable to Israel. The country was ruled by Rome. To use the word
 Rome
, and to speak of theRoman Empire usually gives us a feeling of power and glory on the human level. It is, I hope, not toomuch of a shock for us to remember that the Romans were merely foreigners to the Jews, and Palestinewas a country thus controlled by foreigners. This control was, to the Jews, very distressing. Israel as anation understood that they belonged to God, and that God was with them, and that God was theCreator of the heavens and the earth. And yet, as God's people, (p.13) they were now subject to analien, foreign, arrogant power.
THE PROPHETS
Now in Israel it had happened every now and again that someone would appear with a special unction
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© Dr. Manford G. Gutzke

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