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Chapter2 the Integers

Chapter2 the Integers

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Math 376 Prealgebra TextbookChapter 2
Department of MathematicsCollege of the RedwoodsJune 23, 2010
 
Copyright
All parts of this prealgebra textbook are copyrightedc
2009 in thename of the Department of Mathematics, College of the Redwoods. Theyare not in the public domain. However, they are being made availablefree for use in educational institutions. This offer does not extend to anyapplication that is made for profit. Users who have such applicationsin mind should contact David Arnold at davidarnold@ redwoods.edu orBruce Wagner at bruce-wagner@redwoods.edu.This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, and is copyrightedc
2009, Department of Mathematics, College of the Redwoods. To viewa copy of this license, visit
or send a letter to Creative Commons, 543 Howard Street, 5th Floor,San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
 
Contents
2.1 An Introduction to the Integers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98The Integers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99Ordering the Integers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99Opposites of Opposites. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101Positive and Negative. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102Absolute Value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104Exercises. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106Answers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1102.2 Adding Integers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113Vectors on the Number Line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113Magnitude and Absolute Value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114Adding Integers with Like Signs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115Adding Integers with Unlike Signs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117Properties of Addition of Integers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119Grouping for Efficiency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121Exercises. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123Answers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1262.3 Subtracting Integers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128Order of Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129Change as a Difference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130Exercises. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133Answers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1352.4 Multiplication and Division of Integers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137The Product of a Positive Integer and a Negative Integer. . 138The Distributive Property. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139The Multiplicative Property of Zero. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139Multiplying by Minus One. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140The Product of Two Negative Integers. . . . . . . . . . . . . 140Memory Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141iii

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