In Sura 42,Verse 29 (42:29) of the Quran,we are told,"Among His (God's)signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth,and the living creatures thatHe has scattered through
:and He has power to gather them together whenHe wills."(8) Before proceeding further,a point or two must be noted.The word
"sama",translated "heavens",is also the Arabic for "sky".One may object thatthe verse refers to creatures in the sky (which would be birds),not in theheavens.However,birds are mentioned seperately from creatures of the heavensin 24:41,"Seest thou not that it is God Whose praise all beings in the heavensand on earth do celebrate,and the birds (of the air) with wingsoutspread?..."(9) In a note to 42;29,Muhammad Asad states,"In the Quran,the
expression "the heavens and earth" invariably denotes the universe in itsentireity."(10)The Quran mentions that inanimate objects also worshipGod:"Do they not look at God's creation, (even) among (inanimate) things-how their (very) shadows turn round,from right to left,prostrating themselves toGod..."(16:48).(11) Therefore,may not the creatures spoken of in 42:29 in the
heavens,be inanimate creatures of God.No.The next verse,16:49 goes,"And toGod doth obeisance all that is in the heavens and earth,whether moving (living)creatures or the angels...".(12) The word translated "living creatures" here is
the same as that in 42:29- "Dabbatun".Comments Asad,"The word dabbahdenotes any sentient,corporeal being capable of spontaneous movement and iscontrasted here with the non-corporeal,spiritual beings designated as "angels"".(13)In other words,42:29 is referring to precisely the type of lifeforms thatscience is searching for,not some metaphysical entities.Yusuf Alisays,"Dabbatun:beasts,living,crawling creatures of all kind."(14)This is thesame word used in 2:164,"...in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters throughthe earth...are signs for a people that are wise,"(15)and in 24:45,"And God has
created every animal from water:of them are some that creep on their bellies;some that walk on two legs;and some that walk on four. God createswhat he wills..." (16)Commenting on 42:29,Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
says,"From the verse it appears that like on the earth,there are some kinds of animals- living creatures- in the heavens also."(17)On the same verse,Yusuf Ali comments, "Life is not confined to our one little Planet.It is a very oldspeculation to imagine some life like human life on the planet Mars...it isreasonable to suppose that Life in some form or other is scattered through someof the millions of heavenly bodies scattered through space."(18)From suchremarks,the reader will realize that Muslim scholars are well aware of the factthat 42:29 clearly mentions the existence of aliens.
Is there any alien intelligent life ?