Bicycle-Streetcar Design: Recommendations 3
In the past few years, Portland’s cycling use has soared at the same time as streetcars are gaining favor asurban transit solutions. In theory, everyone agrees that bicycles and streetcars should be complementary, notcontradictory modes. In practice, however, many cyclists feel that the installation of Portland Streetcar hasdeteriorated cycling conditions on what were previously good routes, and has created new crash dangers forcyclists in Portland. As the LDTMA considers the integration of streetcar into the Lloyd District, several key questions are underconsideration:
Do streetcar tracks pose a serious danger for bicycles?
Are bicycle facilities compatible with streetcar tracks?
What is the optimal facility design for a street with both streetcar and bicycles?
What design solutions have been applied successfully in other countries? This report aims to provide an international context for answering these questions by providing a literaturereview, an analysis of problem statements and best practices from places with mature experience integrating bicycles and streetcars, and recommendations for Portland solutions.
This study has two main components:
A web-based survey of Portland bicyclists about theirexperience with streetcar, and
An international review of best practices based onextensive literature review and interviews The survey was conducted in partnership with the Bicycle Transportation Alliance. Questions were asked about theexperiences of bicyclists around streetcars (as well asexperiences around MAX trains and buses, for related butdistinct use by the BTA). See Appendix A for a complete listof all questions asked on the survey.Respondents were specifically asked if they had experienced a crash related to streetcar or MAX tracks. Eachrespondent was prompted for up to three crash locations. The BTA geocoded all reported crash locationsand created an overall crash map.International research was conducted through interviews with international experts, site visits to Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Stockholm, Malmö, and Helsinki, web research, and literature review. Literature and interview results were reviewed for common problem statements and best practice recommendations.
The “Bikes and Transit” survey publicized widely on the BTA blog, on bikeportland.org, onportlandtransport.com, and through email lists such as the Lloyd District TMA’s Bike Committee, Shift, and via Roger Geller (PDOT) and Todd Boulanger (City of Vancouver, WA). The survey was well-received, with1520 completed responses within two weeks.
Dutch bicycle facilities are often on tram lines, but provide physical separation between modes.