4)Flexible PCB: - Flexible circuit is basically a highly flexible variant of theconventional rigid printed circuit board theme.
PCB Manufacturing Process: -
There are a number of different processes, which are used to manufacture a PCB, whichis ready for component assembly, from a copper clad base material. These processes areas follows
Preprocessing: - This consists of initial preparation of a copper clad laminateready for subsequent processing. Next is to drill tooling holes. Passing a boardthrough rollers performs cleaning operation.
Photolithography: - This process for PCBs involves the exposure of a photo resistmaterial to light through a mask. This is used for defining copper track and land patterns.
Etching: - The etching process is performed by exposing the surface of the boardto an etchant solution which dissolves away the exposed copper areas .Thedifferent solutions used are: FeCl, CuCl, etc.
Drilling: - Drilling is used to create the component lead holes and through holes ina PCB .The drilling can be done before or after the track areas have been defined.
Solder Masking: - It is the process of applying organic coatings selectively tothose areas where no solder wettings is needed .The solder mask is applied byscreen-printing.
Metal Plating: - The plating is done to ensure protection of the copper tracks andestablish connection between different layers of multiplayer boards. PCBs arestacked before being taken for final assembly of components .The PCB shouldretain its solder ability.
Bare-Board Testing: - Each board needs to ensure that the required connectionsexist, that there are no short circuits and holes are properly placed .The testingusually consists of visual inspection and continuity testing