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Syllogisms

Syllogisms

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Published by Charlotte Kinloch
Syllogisms are a kind of logic puzzle. An average score is around 10 to 12 correct out of 20. Enjoy.
Syllogisms are a kind of logic puzzle. An average score is around 10 to 12 correct out of 20. Enjoy.

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Published by: Charlotte Kinloch on Jan 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/04/2013

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Syllogisms
Below are 20 logic puzzles known as syllogisms. Each syllogism is made up of two premises followed by aconclusion. For each syllogism you must decide whether the conclusion is valid or invalid by determiningwhether it follows logically from the premises
without the need for any other information
. The average scoreis about 10 to 12 correct out of 20. A brief explanation and the answers can be found at the bottom of thepageExample:Premise 1: All cats are mammalsPremise 2: All mammals are animalsConclusion: Therefore all cats are animals1All of the purple cravats have blue polkadotsSome of the ties are purple cravatsTherefore some of the ties have blue polkadots2All neurosurgeons are highly intelligentSome neurosurgeons are not gentlemenTherefore no gentlemen are highly intelligent3Some computers are not laptopsSome laptops are not MacBooksTherefore some computers are MacBooks4No people tell liesSome psychology students tell liesTherefore some psychology students are not people5Some daily newspapers are tabloidsNo textbooks are daily newspapersTherefore no tabloids are textbooks6Some green things are not plantsAll green things are treesTherefore some trees are not plants7All rats in London have contagious diseasesSome rodents have contagious diseasesTherefore some rodents are rats in London
 
8Some types of bird are kept as petsAll things kept as pets are goldfishTherefore some goldfish are types of bird9Some woolen cardigans are not trousersSome trousers are not shirtsTherefore all shirts are woolen cardigans10No fish are rainbow troutAll rainbow trout are salmonTherefore some salmon are not fish11All habitual failures are life's losersNone of life's losers are unhappy peopleTherefore some unhappy people are habitual failures12No shiny red apples contain deadly poisonSome types of fruit contain deadly poisonTherefore some types of fruit are not shiny red apples13All large boulders are aliveSome root vegetables are large bouldersTherefore some root vegetables are alive14Some peoples' homes are giant mansionsAll giant mansions are housesTherefore some houses are peoples’ homes15Some real ale does not contain any liquidAll real ale is water Therefore some water does not contain any liquid16All vehicles on the road are busesSome vehicles on the road are not carsTherefore no cars are buses17All sailboats are buoyant in wateSome house bricks are buoyant in water Therefore some house bricks are sailboats
 
18Some old men work as fishermenNo young girls are old menTherefore no young girls work as fishermen19All mountain goats are mammalsNo mammals are invertebratesTherefore some invertebrates are mountain goats20No naughty children do well in schoolAll those who do well in school are well behavedTherefore some of those who are well behaved are not naughty children
ENDANSWERS TO FOLLOW…

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18/20(3,11 wrong). my brain was strained by the end. anyways enjoyed it :)
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